What Is a Static Data Structure Java?


Larry Thompson

A static data structure in Java is a data structure that has a fixed size and cannot be modified once it is created. In other words, the size of a static data structure is determined at compile time and cannot be changed during runtime.

Why Use Static Data Structures?

Static data structures have several advantages over dynamic data structures:

  • Efficiency: Static data structures are more efficient in terms of memory usage and execution time compared to dynamic data structures. Since the size is fixed, the memory can be allocated in a contiguous block, allowing for faster access.
  • Predictability: With static data structures, you know exactly how much memory will be used, which can help with resource planning and optimization.
  • Data Integrity: Once a static data structure is created, its elements cannot be accidentally modified or deleted. This can help prevent bugs and ensure data integrity.

Examples of Static Data Structures in Java

In Java, some examples of static data structures include arrays and enums.


An array is a static data structure that stores a fixed-size sequence of elements of the same type. The size of an array is determined at the time of declaration and cannot be changed later.

To declare an array in Java, you specify the element type followed by square brackets [] and then the name of the array. For example:

int[] numbers = new int[5];

This creates an integer array named “numbers” with a capacity to store 5 elements. Once created, you can access or modify individual elements using their index:

numbers[0] = 10; // Assigns 10 to the first element
int x = numbers[2]; // Retrieves the value of the third element


An enum is a static data structure that represents a fixed set of named values. It is commonly used to define constants and represent predefined values.

To declare an enum in Java, you use the enum keyword followed by the name of the enum. Each value is declared as a constant using uppercase letters:

enum Day {

You can use enums in your code by referencing their names:

Day today = Day.MONDAY;
if (today == Day.MONDAY) {
  System.out.println("It's Monday!");


In summary, a static data structure in Java is a fixed-size data structure that cannot be modified once created. Static data structures offer advantages such as efficiency, predictability, and data integrity. Examples of static data structures in Java include arrays and enums.

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