What Is a Java Primitive Data Type?


Angela Bailey

A Java primitive data type is a basic data type that is built into the Java programming language. These data types are used to store simple values such as numbers, characters, and boolean values. In total, there are eight primitive data types in Java:

1. byte

The byte data type is an 8-bit signed two’s complement integer. It can store values from -128 to 127.

2. short

The short data type is a 16-bit signed two’s complement integer. It has a range of -32,768 to 32,767.

3. int

The int data type is a 32-bit signed two’s complement integer. It can represent values between -231 and 231-1.

4. long

The long data type is a 64-bit signed two’s complement integer. It has a larger range compared to int and can store values from -263 to 263-1.

5. float

The float data type is a single-precision 32-bit floating-point number in accordance with the IEEE 754 standard.

6. double>

The double>> data type is used to represent double-precision 64-bit floating-point numbers according to the IEEE 754 standard.

7. boolean

The boolean data type represents a simple true or false value. It is useful for making logical decisions in programs.

8. char

The char data type is a single 16-bit Unicode character. It can be used to store letters, digits, and special symbols.

In addition to these primitive data types, Java also provides a set of reference data types known as objects. These objects are instances of classes and can be more complex than the primitive types.

When using primitive data types, it’s important to remember that they are passed by value, meaning that a copy of the value is passed to methods or assigned to variables. Operations on primitive types do not modify the original value unless explicitly assigned.

In conclusion, understanding the Java primitive data types is fundamental for any Java programmer. They provide a way to store and manipulate simple values efficiently. By incorporating these data types into your programs, you can create robust and efficient applications in Java.

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