What Is a DNS Server TV?


Angela Bailey

A DNS server, also known as Domain Name System server, is a crucial component of the internet infrastructure. It plays a vital role in translating human-readable domain names into machine-readable IP addresses. In simpler terms, a DNS server acts as a phone book for the internet, allowing users to access websites by simply typing in their domain names.

What is DNS?

DNS stands for Domain Name System. It is a decentralized naming system that enables us to assign unique names to resources on the internet. Just like we use phone numbers to contact people, we use IP addresses to connect with websites and servers online.

However, IP addresses are numerical sequences that are not easy for humans to remember. This is where DNS comes in. It provides a way to map these complex IP addresses to user-friendly domain names.

How Does DNS Work?

To understand how DNS works, let’s consider an example:

  • User: types in “www.example.com” in their web browser
  • Web Browser: sends a request to the operating system
  • Operating System: checks its local cache for the IP address of “www.com”
  • If Found: returns the IP address directly to the browser
  • If Not Found: sends a request to the configured DNS server
  • DNS Server: looks up its own cache for the IP address of “www.com”
  • If Found: returns the IP address to the operating system and browser for future use and forwards it back to the browser immediately
  • If Not Found: sends a request to other DNS servers to resolve the IP address
  • Other DNS Servers: follow the same process until an IP address is found or until the root DNS server is reached
  • Root DNS Server: provides the IP address of the top-level domain server responsible for the requested domain (e.g., “.com” server)
  • Top-Level Domain Server: provides the IP address of the authoritative name server for the domain (e., “example.com” server)
  • Authoritative Name Server: finally returns the IP address of “www.com” to the DNS server, operating system, and browser for future use

Types of DNS Servers:

DNS servers can be categorized into various types based on their functionality and purpose. Some common types include:

1. Recursive DNS Server:

A recursive DNS server is responsible for resolving queries by making multiple requests to other DNS servers until it finds a complete answer. It acts as an intermediary between a client’s request and authoritative name servers.

2. Authoritative DNS Server:

An authoritative DNS server is responsible for storing and providing accurate information about a specific domain name. When a recursive DNS server contacts an authoritative name server, it receives valid responses that include IP addresses or referrals to other authoritative servers.

3. Caching-only DNS Server:

A caching-only DNS server does not perform any lookups on behalf of clients. Instead, it only caches previously resolved queries to improve overall performance and reduce network traffic.

4. Forwarding DNS Server:

A forwarding DNS server is configured to forward all queries it receives to another DNS server. It acts as a middleman and relays requests to a more authoritative server, often provided by an Internet Service Provider (ISP) or a public DNS service.


A DNS server is an essential component of the internet infrastructure that enables us to access websites using human-readable domain names. By translating domain names into IP addresses, DNS servers ensure that users can easily navigate the internet and connect with various resources online.

Understanding how DNS works and the different types of DNS servers can help us appreciate the complexity and importance of this system in maintaining a functional and accessible internet.

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