What Data Type Is URI?


Scott Campbell

What Data Type Is URI?

A URI, which stands for Uniform Resource Identifier, is a string of characters that identifies a resource on the web. It can be used to locate and retrieve information from various sources such as websites, files, or databases. In HTML, URIs are commonly used as values for attributes like href (for hyperlinks) and src (for image sources).

URI Syntax

A URI typically consists of several components:

  • Scheme: The scheme specifies the protocol or type of resource being identified. Examples include http, https, ftp, mailto.
  • Authority: The authority component includes the domain name or IP address of the server hosting the resource.
  • Path: The path component represents the location of a specific file or resource on the server.
  • Query: The query component allows for passing parameters to a web application or script.
  • Fragment: The fragment component identifies a specific portion within a document or webpage.

Data Type of URI

In HTML, a URI is considered as a string data type. This means that it is treated as plain text and can be manipulated using various string functions and methods provided by JavaScript or other programming languages.

The data type of a URI is important when working with JavaScript because different operations may be performed depending on whether the value is treated as a string or parsed into its individual components. For example, you may want to extract the scheme from a URI or encode special characters in the path component.

If you need to manipulate URIs in your HTML document using JavaScript, you can use the built-in URL object. This object provides various properties and methods for working with URIs, such as accessing individual components, modifying them, or creating new URIs.


Let’s say you have a URI stored in a variable called myURI:

const myURI = 'https://www.example.com/path/file.html?param=value#section';
const url = new URL(myURI);

console.log(url.protocol); // Output: "https:"
console.host); // Output: "www.com"
console.pathname); // Output: "/path/file.html"
console.search); // Output: "?param=value"
console.hash); // Output: "#section"

The above code snippet demonstrates how to create a URL object from a URI and access its different components using the object’s properties. This allows for easy manipulation and extraction of specific parts of the URI.


A URI is a string of characters used to identify resources on the web. In HTML, it is considered as a string data type and can be manipulated using various string functions or parsed into its individual components using the URL object in JavaScript. Understanding the structure and data type of URIs is essential when working with web development technologies.

Remember: When writing HTML code, always ensure that URIs are properly formatted and escaped to avoid any issues or errors when linking or accessing resources on the web.

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