What Data Type Is Percentage in Access?


Angela Bailey

What Data Type Is Percentage in Access?

If you are working with Microsoft Access, you might come across a scenario where you need to store and manipulate percentage values. But what data type should you use for this purpose? In this article, we will explore the different data types available in Access and determine the most appropriate one for percentages.

Understanding Data Types in Access

Access provides a range of data types that allow you to store different kinds of information, such as numbers, text, dates, and more. Each data type has its own characteristics and behavior when it comes to storing and manipulating data.

Numeric Data Types

In Access, there are several numeric data types available, including Integer, Long Integer, Single, Double, and Decimal. While these data types can handle decimal values, they might not be the best fit for storing percentages.

  • Integer: This data type can only store whole numbers without decimal places. It is not suitable for percentage values.
  • Long Integer: Similar to the Integer data type but with a larger range of values.

    It is also not suitable for percentages.

  • Single: This data type can store decimal values but has limited precision. It may not provide the level of accuracy required for percentage calculations.
  • Double: The Double data type offers higher precision than Single but may still have some rounding errors when dealing with percentages.
  • Decimal: The Decimal data type provides the highest level of precision among numeric data types in Access. It is suitable for storing and calculating percentages accurately.

Percentage Data Type

Although Access does not have a specific data type for percentages, the Decimal data type can effectively handle percentage values. You can use the Decimal data type to store percentages as decimal numbers between 0 and 1, where 1 represents 100%.

Applying the Decimal Data Type for Percentages

When creating a table in Access, you can set the data type of a field to Decimal and specify the desired number of decimal places. For example, if you want to store percentages with two decimal places, you would set the Field Size property to “Decimal” and set the Decimal Places property to “2”.

Once you have set up the table with the appropriate field type and properties, you can start entering percentage values. For example, if you want to enter 25%, you would input 0.25 in the corresponding field.

The Decimal data type allows for precise calculations involving percentages. You can perform mathematical operations such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division on percentage fields without losing accuracy.


In Microsoft Access, there is no specific data type for percentages. However, by utilizing the Decimal data type and setting appropriate field properties, you can effectively store and manipulate percentage values with high precision. Remember to always consider your specific requirements when choosing a data type for storing percentages in Access.

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