What Data Type Is a Record?


Angela Bailey

What Data Type Is a Record?

In the world of programming, a record is a composite data type that allows you to store multiple pieces of related information together. It is commonly used to represent structured data in various programming languages.

Defining a Record

A record is a collection of fields or attributes, each of which can hold different types of data.

These fields are typically defined within the record and can be accessed individually or as a whole. Records provide an organized way to store and manipulate complex data structures.

Creating Records

To create a record, you first define its structure by specifying the fields and their corresponding data types. For example, let’s consider a record representing a person’s information:

record Person {
  • Name: String
  • Age: Integer
  • Email: String
  • Address: String

In this example, we have defined a record called “Person” with four fields: Name (of type String), Age (of type Integer), Email (of type String), and Address (of type String). Each field represents a specific piece of information about a person.

Working with Records

Once you have created a record, you can use it to store and retrieve data. Here’s an example of how you might create a new instance of the “Person” record and populate it with values:

Person john = new Person();

You can then set the values for each field using dot notation:

john.Name = "John Doe";
john.Age = 25;
john.Email = "johndoe@example.com";
john.Address = "123 Main St";

Now, you can access and manipulate each field individually or as a whole. For example, you can print out John’s name:


You can also update John’s age:

john.Age += 1;

Benefits of Using Records

Records provide several benefits when working with complex data structures. They allow you to group related data together, making it easier to understand and organize your code.

Records also enable you to define reusable structures that can be used throughout your program. This helps in reducing code duplication and improving maintainability.

  • Better organization and readability of code.
  • Easier access to individual fields within a record.
  • Promotes code reusability.
  • Simplifies data manipulation and storage.


In summary, a record is a composite data type that allows you to store multiple related pieces of information together. It provides an organized and efficient way to work with complex data structures.

By using records, you can improve the readability, maintainability, and reusability of your code, leading to more efficient and robust applications.

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