What Are the Three Main Components of the Data Model Structure in SAP’s 4HANA?


Angela Bailey

In SAP’s 4HANA, the data model structure is a crucial component that forms the foundation of the entire system. It provides a framework for organizing and storing data in a way that is efficient and scalable. The data model structure in 4HANA consists of three main components, namely:

1. Tables

Tables are the primary building blocks of the data model structure in 4HANA.

They are used to store and manage data in a structured format. Each table represents a specific entity or object within the system, such as customers, products, or sales orders.

Tables in 4HANA are created using the Data Definition Language (DDL). They define the structure of the data that will be stored, including the fields or columns and their respective data types. Tables can also have relationships with other tables, forming associations between different entities.


Views are virtual tables that provide an alternative representation of the underlying data stored in tables. They allow users to query and retrieve specific subsets of data without directly accessing the underlying tables.

In 4HANA, views can be created using SQL-based languages such as ABAP or SQLScript. They can be used to combine data from multiple tables, perform calculations or transformations on the data, and present it in a more user-friendly format. Views can also enforce security measures by restricting access to sensitive information.

3. Data Elements

Data elements define the characteristics and properties of individual fields within tables or views. They specify the allowed values, length constraints, and other attributes that govern how data should be stored and interpreted.

In 4HANA, each field within a table or view is assigned a specific data element. This helps ensure consistency and integrity of the stored data. Data elements can also be reused across multiple tables or views, promoting reusability and reducing redundancy.

Overall, the three main components of the data model structure in SAP’s 4HANA – tables, views, and data elements – work together to provide a robust and flexible foundation for managing and organizing data within the system. By understanding these components, users can effectively design and implement data models that meet their specific business requirements.

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