What Are the Scripting Components of JSP?


Heather Bennett

What Are the Scripting Components of JSP?

JavaServer Pages (JSP) is a technology that allows developers to dynamically generate HTML, XML, or other types of documents in response to client requests. It uses a combination of HTML and Java code to create web pages that can be executed on a web server before being sent to the client’s browser.

JSP includes several scripting components that enable developers to embed Java code within their HTML pages. These components provide flexibility and power, allowing for dynamic content generation and manipulation.

JSP Declaration

A JSP declaration allows you to declare variables and methods in your JSP page. It is similar to declaring variables in Java, but it is placed outside any HTML tags and is enclosed within the <%! and %> delimiters.


    int myVariable = 10;
    public void myMethod() {
        // code here

JSP Scriptlet

A JSP scriptlet enables you to include arbitrary Java code within your JSP page. It is enclosed within the <% and %> delimiters, similar to a declaration.


    int result = myVariable + 5;
    if (result > 15) {
        out.println("Result is greater than 15");
    } else {
        out.println("Result is less than or equal to 15");

JSP Expression

A JSP expression allows you to embed Java expressions within your JSP page. The expression is evaluated and its result is converted to a string, which is then included in the generated HTML output. It is enclosed within the <%= and %> delimiters.


    myVariable + 5

JSP Directive

A JSP directive provides instructions to the JSP container on how to process the page. There are different types of directives, including:

  • Page Directive: Used to specify various attributes for the JSP page, such as error handling, session management, and content type.
  • Include Directive: Used to include static content from another file during translation time.
  • Taglib Directive: Used to declare and define custom tag libraries used in the JSP page.

Example – Page Directive:

<%@ page language="java" contentType="text/html" isErrorPage="true" %>

JSP Expression Language (EL)

The JSP Expression Language (EL) provides a simplified way of accessing data stored in objects such as JavaBeans components or request parameters. It eliminates the need for scriptlets and expressions by providing a syntax that can be directly embedded within your HTML code.


${ user.name }

In Conclusion

The scripting components of JSP – declarations, scriptlets, expressions, and directives – offer powerful ways to incorporate dynamic behavior into your web applications. By leveraging these components, you can create interactive and personalized web pages that respond to user input and external data sources.

Remember to use the appropriate scripting component based on your specific needs and keep your code organized for better maintainability. Happy coding!

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