What Are the Scripting Components in JSP?


Larry Thompson

What Are the Scripting Components in JSP?

JSP (JavaServer Pages) is a technology that allows developers to create dynamic web pages using Java. One of the key features of JSP is its support for scripting components, which enable the execution of Java code within the JSP page. This article will explore the various scripting components in JSP and how they can be used to enhance web development.

JSP Scriptlets:

One of the most basic scripting components in JSP is the scriptlet. Scriptlets are enclosed within <% and %> tags and can contain any valid Java code.

They are typically used to perform computations, manipulate data, or interact with databases. For example, you can use a scriptlet to retrieve data from a database and display it on a web page.


        String name = "John Doe";
        out.println("Hello, " + name);

In this example, we declare a variable called “name” and assign it the value “John Doe”. Then, we use the out.println() method to display the message “Hello, John Doe” on the web page.

JSP Expressions:

JSP expressions provide a simplified way to embed Java code within an HTML document. Expressions are enclosed within <%= and %> tags and can be used to evaluate Java expressions and display their results directly on the web page.


<%= 5 + 3 %>

In this example, the expression <%= 5 + 3 %> will be evaluated by JSP engine and its result (8) will be displayed on the web page.

JSP Declarations:

JSP declarations are used to define variables and methods that can be accessed throughout the JSP page. Declarations are enclosed within <%! and %> tags and are typically placed at the beginning of the JSP file, before any HTML or Java code.

        int age = 25;
        public void displayMessage() {
            out.println("Welcome to our website!");

In this example, we declare an integer variable called “age” with a value of 25. We also define a method called “displayMessage()” which will print a welcome message on the web page when called.

JSP Directives:

JSP directives provide instructions to the JSP engine on how to process the JSP page. There are three types of directives: page directives, include directives, and taglib directives. Directives are enclosed within <%@ and %> tags.

Example – Page Directive:

    <%@ page language="java" contentType="text/html" %>

This example shows a page directive that specifies that the JSP code should be interpreted as Java and that the output should be treated as HTML.

Example – Include Directive:

    <%@ include file="header.jsp" %>

<%= "Hello!" %>

<%@ include file="footer.jsp" %>

In this example, we use an include directive to include the contents of two separate JSP files (“header.jsp” and “footer.jsp”) into our current JSP file.

Example – Taglib Directive:

    <%@ taglib uri="http://example.com/mytags" prefix="mytags" %>

In this example, we use a taglib directive to import a custom tag library defined at the specified URI and associate it with the “mytags” prefix.

In conclusion, JSP scripting components provide powerful capabilities for adding dynamic functionality to web pages. Whether you need to perform complex calculations, retrieve data from databases, or include reusable code snippets, JSP scripting components give you the flexibility to accomplish these tasks efficiently. By using scriptlets, expressions, declarations, and directives effectively, you can create dynamic and interactive web applications with ease.

  • JSP Scriptlets: Enclosed within <% and %> tags.
  • JSP Expressions: Enclosed within <%= and %> tags.
  • JSP Declarations: Enclosed within <%! and %> tags.
  • JSP Directives: Enclosed within <%@ and %> tags.

Discord Server - Web Server - Private Server - DNS Server - Object-Oriented Programming - Scripting - Data Types - Data Structures

Privacy Policy