What Are the Most Important Steps You Would Recommend for Securing a New Web Server?


Heather Bennett

Securing a new web server is of utmost importance to ensure the safety and confidentiality of your data. It is crucial to take necessary steps to protect your server from potential security threats and unauthorized access. In this article, we will discuss the most important steps you can take to secure your new web server.

1. Keep Your Server Software Up-to-Date

One of the first steps towards securing your web server is to ensure that all software installed on it is up-to-date.

This includes the operating system, web server software, database software, and any other applications running on the server.

Regularly installing updates and patches helps fix any security vulnerabilities that may exist in older versions of the software. It is recommended to enable automatic updates or set up a regular schedule for checking and installing updates manually.

2. Configure a Firewall

A firewall acts as a barrier between your server and potential threats from the internet.

It helps filter network traffic and blocks unauthorized access attempts.

Ensure that a firewall is properly configured on your web server to allow only necessary incoming and outgoing connections. This can be done by setting up rules based on specific ports, IP addresses, or protocols.

3. Use Strong Passwords

Passwords play a critical role in securing your web server.

Weak or easily guessable passwords can make it easier for attackers to gain unauthorized access.

Create strong passwords by using a combination of uppercase and lowercase letters, numbers, and special characters. Additionally, avoid using common dictionary words or personal information in passwords.

4. Implement Secure File Transfer Protocol (SFTP)

SFTP provides a secure way to transfer files between your computer and the web server.

It encrypts the data during transmission, making it difficult for attackers to intercept and access sensitive information.

Replace regular FTP with SFTP to ensure secure file transfers. This can be done by configuring your FTP client to use SFTP or by using dedicated SFTP software.

5. Enable HTTPS

HTTPS (Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure) encrypts the communication between the web server and client, ensuring that sensitive data is transmitted securely.

To enable HTTPS, you need to obtain an SSL/TLS certificate and configure it on your web server. This will enable the use of HTTPS instead of HTTP for secure communication.

6. Regularly Backup Your Data

Regularly backing up your data is essential in case of any unforeseen events such as hardware failures, natural disasters, or security breaches.

It allows you to restore your website and minimize potential downtime.

Create automated backup routines and store backups in a secure location separate from your web server. Additionally, test the backup restoration process periodically to ensure its reliability.

7. Limit Access Privileges

Limited access privileges help reduce the risk of unauthorized access to your server’s sensitive files and settings.

Create separate user accounts for different individuals or roles involved in managing the web server. Grant them only necessary privileges required for their tasks, minimizing the potential impact if an account is compromised.


Taking these important steps will significantly enhance the security of your new web server. Regularly updating software, configuring a firewall, using strong passwords, implementing SFTP, enabling HTTPS, backing up data, and limiting access privileges are key measures to protect your server from potential security threats. Remember, maintaining the security of your web server is an ongoing process that requires continuous monitoring and updates.

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