What Are Server Scripting Languages?


Scott Campbell

Server scripting languages play a crucial role in web development. These languages, such as PHP, Python, and Ruby, are used to create dynamic web pages by generating HTML on the server-side.

What is a Server Scripting Language?

A server scripting language is a programming language that is specifically designed for creating and running scripts on a web server. These scripts are executed on the server-side before the web page is sent to the user’s browser. Server scripting languages allow developers to add functionality, interact with databases, handle forms, and perform various other tasks required for dynamic web development.

Key Features of Server Scripting Languages:

  • Server-Side Execution: Unlike client-side scripting languages like JavaScript, which execute on the user’s browser, server scripting languages run on the web server. They generate HTML dynamically based on the user’s request.
  • Data Handling: Server scripting languages provide powerful features for handling and processing data.

    They can retrieve data from databases, manipulate it, and display it in different formats.

  • Form Handling: Server scripting languages enable developers to handle form submissions by capturing user input and processing it on the server-side. This allows for validation, storage, and further manipulation of form data.
  • Interaction with APIs: Server scripting languages can interact with external APIs (Application Programming Interfaces) to fetch data or integrate functionality from other services into web applications.
  • User Authentication: Server scripting languages provide mechanisms for implementing user authentication systems to secure access to specific parts of a website or application.

Popular Server Scripting Languages:

There are several server scripting languages available, each with its own strengths and areas of application:


PHP is one of the most widely used server scripting languages. It is open-source, has a large community, and is designed specifically for web development. PHP is known for its simplicity, ease of integration with databases, and broad support across various web hosting platforms.


Python is a versatile programming language that can be used for a wide range of applications, including web development. It offers a clean syntax, extensive libraries, and frameworks such as Django and Flask that simplify web development tasks.


Ruby is another popular server scripting language known for its elegant syntax and readability. Ruby on Rails, a widely-used web framework built on Ruby, provides developers with a productive environment for developing robust web applications.


In conclusion, server scripting languages are essential tools for creating dynamic websites and applications. They enable developers to handle data processing, interact with APIs, implement user authentication systems, and much more. PHP, Python, and Ruby are just a few examples of the many server scripting languages available to developers today.

If you’re interested in web development or planning to build dynamic websites or applications, learning one or more of these server scripting languages will undoubtedly be beneficial!

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