What Are Common Scripting Languages?


Heather Bennett

When it comes to scripting languages, there are several commonly used options that web developers rely on. These languages are designed to enhance the functionality and interactivity of websites, making them more dynamic and user-friendly. In this article, we will explore some of the most popular scripting languages and their key features.


Javascript is arguably the most widely used scripting language in web development. It is a versatile language that runs on the client-side, meaning it executes code directly in the user’s browser. Javascript allows developers to manipulate web page elements, handle form submissions, create animations, validate user input, and much more.

  • Key Features of Javascript:
    • Easy to learn and implement
    • Supports both procedural and object-oriented programming paradigms
    • Provides access to the Document Object Model (DOM) for manipulating HTML elements
    • Offers extensive libraries and frameworks like jQuery, React, and AngularJS


Python is a high-level scripting language known for its simplicity and readability. While it is commonly used for general-purpose programming tasks, Python can also be used for web development through frameworks like Django and Flask. Python’s syntax emphasizes code readability by utilizing whitespace indentation.

  • Key Features of Python:
    • Clean and easy-to-read syntax
    • Broad range of applications beyond web development (e.g., data analysis, artificial intelligence)
    • Lots of available third-party libraries (e., NumPy, Pandas, TensorFlow)
    • Strong community support and extensive documentation


PHP is a server-side scripting language that is specifically designed for web development. It is embedded within HTML code and executed on the server before being sent to the client’s browser. PHP is known for its ability to interact with databases, handle form submissions, generate dynamic content, and more.

  • Key Features of PHP:
    • Specifically designed for web development
    • Easy integration with HTML code
    • Large community and extensive online resources
    • Built-in support for various databases like MySQL, PostgreSQL, and Oracle


Ruby is a dynamic scripting language that prioritizes simplicity and productivity. It has an elegant syntax that focuses on making programming intuitive and enjoyable. Ruby on Rails, a popular web application framework built with Ruby, provides developers with a powerful toolkit for building robust and scalable web applications.

  • Key Features of Ruby:
    • Clean and readable syntax similar to natural language
    • Highly productive development environment
    • Ruby on Rails framework simplifies web application development
    • Broad range of available libraries and gems (Ruby’s package manager)

Closing Thoughts

In summary, these are just a few examples of popular scripting languages used in web development. While JavaScript remains the go-to choice for client-side scripting, Python, PHP, and Ruby offer their own unique features and advantages. As a web developer, it’s essential to have a solid understanding of these languages and their respective ecosystems to build dynamic and interactive websites.

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