# Is Smallint a Numeric Data Type?

//

Heather Bennett

Is Smallint a Numeric Data Type?

When it comes to working with databases, understanding the different data types is essential. One common data type is smallint, which raises the question: is smallint a numeric data type? In this article, we will explore what exactly smallint is and how it fits into the world of numeric data types.

## What is smallint?

Smallint is a numeric data type that is commonly used in databases. It represents integer values within a specific range. In most database systems, the range for smallint values typically falls between -32,768 and 32,767.

## Is smallint a numeric data type?

Yes, smallint is indeed a numeric data type. It belongs to the category of integer-based numeric data types.

Integers are whole numbers without any decimal points or fractional parts. Smallint specifically represents smaller integer values within its defined range.

### Difference between smallint and other numeric data types

The main difference between smallint and other numeric data types, such as int or bigint, lies in their storage requirements. As the name suggests, smallint uses less storage space compared to int and bigint. This can be advantageous when working with large datasets or when memory efficiency is crucial.

### Using smallint in databases

In database design and development, choosing the appropriate data type for each column is essential for efficient storage and retrieval of information. When deciding to use smallint as a column’s data type, consider the following:

• Data Range: Ensure that the potential values for this column fall within the range of a smallint. If the values exceed the range, consider using a different numeric data type.
• Storage Efficiency: If space is a concern and the expected values fall within the range of a smallint, using this data type can help optimize storage requirements.

## Conclusion

In conclusion, smallint is indeed a numeric data type commonly used in databases. It represents smaller integer values within its defined range. Understanding the different numeric data types and their characteristics is crucial for efficient database design and development.

By utilizing smallint appropriately, developers can optimize storage efficiency while ensuring that the chosen data type aligns with the expected value range for a given column.