Is Short Not a Data Type in Java?


Larry Thompson

Java is a powerful programming language that is widely used for developing a variety of applications. When working with Java, it’s important to understand the different data types available and how they can be used.

One common question that often arises is whether or not “short” is a data type in Java. In this article, we’ll explore this topic in detail and provide a clear answer.

Understanding Data Types in Java

Before we dive into the specifics of the “short” data type, let’s first establish a basic understanding of data types in Java. In Java, every variable has a type, which determines the kind of data that can be stored in that variable. Data types specify the size and format of values that can be stored, as well as the operations that can be performed on them.

Primitive Data Types

Java provides several built-in primitive data types, such as int, double, char, boolean, and more. These data types are fundamental building blocks for creating variables and storing values.

The Short Data Type

Now let’s address the main question: Is short a data type in Java? The answer is yes.

The “short” data type in Java represents whole numbers ranging from -32,768 to 32,767. It is 16 bits long and uses two bytes of memory.

To declare a variable with the short data type in Java, you can use the following syntax:
short myVariable;

You can also assign an initial value to your short variable during declaration:
short myVariable = 10;

Usage Examples

The short data type is commonly used when memory space needs to be conserved or when there is no need for large numbers. For example, it can be used to represent the number of students in a small classroom or the number of days in a week.

Here is an example of how you can use the short data type in Java:

short numberOfStudents = 20;
short numberOfDaysInWeek = 7;


In conclusion, “short” is indeed a data type in Java. It is used to represent whole numbers within a specific range and occupies 16 bits of memory. Understanding the different data types available in Java is crucial for effective programming and memory management.

By utilizing proper data types like short, you can optimize your code for efficiency and readability. So next time you encounter a scenario where smaller numbers are sufficient, consider using the short data type in your Java programs.

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