Is Python an Object Oriented Programming Language?


Angela Bailey

Python is a versatile programming language that has gained immense popularity in recent years. One of the key features of Python is its support for object-oriented programming (OOP) paradigm.

OOP is a programming approach where objects are created to represent real-world entities, and these objects interact with each other to solve complex problems. In this article, we will explore whether Python can be considered an object-oriented programming language or not.

Understanding Object-Oriented Programming

Before diving into whether Python is an object-oriented programming language or not, let’s first understand the core principles of OOP.

OOP revolves around the concept of objects, which are instances of classes. A class is like a blueprint that defines the properties and behaviors of an object. The properties are represented by variables, also known as attributes, while the behaviors are represented by functions, also known as methods.

Python’s Support for OOP

Python fully supports object-oriented programming and provides all the necessary features to create and work with objects. Here are some key aspects that make Python an object-oriented programming language:

Classes and Objects

In Python, you can create classes using the class keyword. Let’s take a simple example:

class Car:
    def __init__(self, brand):
        self.brand = brand

    def start_engine(self):
        print(f"The {self.brand} car engine has started.")

In this example, we define a class called Car. The class has two methods: __init__, which is a special method used to initialize the attributes of an object, and start_engine, which prints a message indicating that the car’s engine has started.

To create an object of the Car class, we can simply call the class as if it were a function:

my_car = Car("Toyota")

We can then access the attributes and methods of the object using dot notation:

print(my_car.brand)  # Output: Toyota
my_car.start_engine()  # Output: The Toyota car engine has started.


Python supports inheritance, which is a fundamental concept in OOP. Inheritance allows you to create new classes based on existing classes, inheriting their attributes and methods. This promotes code reusability and helps in creating a hierarchical structure of classes.

Here’s an example:

class ElectricCar(Car):
    def __init__(self, brand):
        self.battery_percentage = 100

    def charge_battery(self):
        self.battery_percentage = 100

    def start_engine(self):
        print("Electric cars don't have engines.")

In this example, we define a class called ElectricCar that inherits from the Car class. The ElectricCar class overrides the start_engine method to provide a different implementation specific to electric cars.

Encapsulation and Abstraction

OOP emphasizes encapsulation and abstraction. Encapsulation is the process of bundling data and methods together within a class, while abstraction focuses on hiding unnecessary details and exposing only essential information to the outside world.

In Python, you can achieve encapsulation by using access modifiers like public, private, and protected. Although Python doesn’t have strict access modifiers like some other languages, it conventionally uses underscores to indicate the level of accessibility.


In conclusion, Python is indeed an object-oriented programming language. It provides all the necessary features to create and work with objects, including classes, objects, inheritance, encapsulation, and abstraction. Python’s OOP support makes it a powerful language for building complex applications while promoting code reusability and maintainability.

So if you’re interested in learning object-oriented programming or working on projects that require an OOP approach, Python is definitely a language worth considering!

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