Is Python a Scripting Language or Object-Oriented?


Angela Bailey

Is Python a Scripting Language or Object-Oriented?

Python is a versatile and powerful programming language that can be used for various purposes. One common question that often arises is whether Python is a scripting language or object-oriented. The answer to this question is not as straightforward as it may seem, as Python can be both.

Scripting Language

Python is often referred to as a scripting language because it allows you to write scripts that automate tasks or perform specific functions. A script is a set of instructions written in a programming language that is executed by an interpreter. In the case of Python, the interpreter reads and executes the code line by line.

Python’s syntax and simplicity make it an excellent choice for scripting. It offers features such as dynamic typing, which means you don’t have to declare variable types explicitly, making it easier and faster to write scripts. Additionally, its extensive standard library provides numerous modules and functions that simplify common scripting tasks.

Advantages of Python as a Scripting Language:

  • Easy to learn: Python has a clean and readable syntax, making it accessible even for beginners.
  • Rapid development: With its high-level data structures and dynamic typing, Python allows for faster development compared to other languages.
  • Cross-platform support: Python runs on various operating systems, making it an ideal choice for writing scripts that need to work on different platforms.

Object-Oriented Programming

In addition to being a scripting language, Python is also an object-oriented programming (OOP) language. Object-oriented programming involves creating objects with properties (attributes) and behaviors (methods) to represent real-world entities. These objects are instances of classes, which are the blueprints or templates for creating objects.

Python’s support for OOP allows developers to write modular and reusable code. It promotes code organization and enhances software development by providing concepts such as encapsulation, inheritance, and polymorphism.

Advantages of Python as an Object-Oriented Language:

  • Code reusability: Inheritance and composition enable code reuse, leading to less redundancy and easier maintenance.
  • Modularity: OOP allows breaking down complex problems into smaller, manageable components (classes), making code more organized and maintainable.
  • Data abstraction: Encapsulation allows hiding implementation details and exposing only relevant information, making code more secure and easier to use.


In conclusion, Python can be considered both a scripting language and an object-oriented programming language. Its simplicity and readability make it an excellent choice for writing scripts, automating tasks, or performing specific functions.

At the same time, Python’s support for object-oriented programming enables developers to create modular and reusable code, enhancing software development practices. Whether you use Python as a scripting language or object-oriented is entirely dependent on your specific needs and preferences.

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