Is Ords a Web Server?


Angela Bailey

Is Ords a Web Server?

When it comes to web servers, there are several popular options available, such as Apache HTTP Server, Nginx, and Microsoft IIS. However, one lesser-known web server that is gaining attention is Oracle REST Data Services (ORDS).

But is ORDS really a web server? Let’s delve into this topic and find out.

What is ORDS?

Oracle REST Data Services (ORDS) is a Java-based solution that allows you to develop and deploy RESTful web services for Oracle databases. It acts as a bridge between the database and the client applications, enabling you to interact with the database using standard HTTP methods like GET, POST, PUT, and DELETE.

How does ORDS work?

ORDS functions as a middle tier between the client application and the Oracle database. It receives HTTP requests from clients and processes them to retrieve or update data in the database. When a request comes in, ORDS routes it to the appropriate handler based on URL patterns defined in your configuration.

Benefits of using ORDS

  • Simplicity: ORDS simplifies the process of building RESTful APIs for Oracle databases by providing an easy-to-use framework.
  • Security: ORDS offers robust security features to protect your data, including authentication mechanisms like OAuth2 and JWT.
  • Scalability: With its ability to handle large numbers of concurrent requests efficiently, ORDS ensures your application can scale as your user base grows.
  • Caching: ORDS supports caching mechanisms that help improve performance by storing frequently accessed data.

Is ORDS a web server?

The answer to this question is both yes and no. Technically speaking, ORDS is not a conventional web server like Apache or Nginx that can serve static files directly. However, it does include a lightweight embedded web server called the Oracle REST Data Services Listener, which provides the necessary HTTP functionality to handle incoming requests.

In other words, while ORDS itself is not a full-fledged web server, it incorporates a web server component that allows it to receive and respond to HTTP requests. This makes it possible to develop and deploy RESTful services without the need for an additional web server.

How to use ORDS as a Web Server?

If you want to serve static files like HTML, CSS, or JavaScript using ORDS, you can configure the Oracle REST Data Services Listener to map certain URLs to specific directories on your file system. This way, when a client requests a file through ORDS, it will be served directly from the specified directory.

To enable this functionality, you need to configure the appropriate mappings in your ORDS configuration file and place the static files in the designated directories. Once configured, ORDS can serve these files alongside its primary role of handling RESTful API requests.


In summary, while ORDS may not be considered a traditional web server like Apache or Nginx due to its primary focus on providing RESTful services for Oracle databases, it does include a built-in lightweight web server component that allows it to handle HTTP requests. This makes it possible to use ORDS as both an API development framework and a means of serving static files if needed.

If you’re looking for an all-in-one solution to develop RESTful APIs for your Oracle databases while also having the capability to serve static files, ORDS can be a great choice.

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