# Is Numeric a Valid Data Type in SQL?

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Larry Thompson

Is Numeric a Valid Data Type in SQL?

When working with databases, it is essential to understand the different data types that can be used to store and manipulate data. One commonly used data type is Numeric. In SQL, the Numeric data type is used to store numbers with a fixed precision and scale.

## Numeric Data Type in SQL

The Numeric data type is defined by specifying the total number of digits and the number of decimal places. It allows you to store both positive and negative numbers.

To define a column with the Numeric data type, you need to specify the precision and scale. The precision represents the total number of digits that can be stored, while the scale represents the number of decimal places. For example, if you define a column as NUMERIC(10, 2), it means that it can store up to 10 digits with 2 decimal places.

### Example:

```CREATE TABLE Products (
ProductID INT,
Price NUMERIC(10, 2)
);
```

In this example, we have created a table called “Products” with two columns: “ProductID” and “Price”. The “Price” column has been defined as NUMERIC(10, 2), meaning it can store up to 10 digits with 2 decimal places.

## Using Numeric Data Type

The Numeric data type allows you to perform various mathematical operations such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division on numeric values stored in the database.

### Example:

```SELECT Price * 0.1 AS DiscountedPrice
FROM Products
WHERE ProductID = 123;
```

In this example, we are selecting the “Price” column from the “Products” table and multiplying it by 0.1 to calculate the discounted price. The result will be displayed as “DiscountedPrice”.

## Conclusion

The Numeric data type in SQL is a valuable tool for storing and manipulating numeric values. By understanding how to define and use this data type, you can effectively work with numbers in your database.

Remember to carefully consider the precision and scale when defining a Numeric column to ensure that it can accommodate your data requirements. With proper utilization of the Numeric data type, you can perform complex calculations and store accurate numerical information in your database.