What is a programming language?
A programming language is a formal set of rules and instructions used to create computer programs. It allows developers to define algorithms, data structures, and control flow in order to solve specific problems. Programming languages typically have compilers or interpreters that translate human-readable code into machine-readable instructions.
What is a scripting language?
A scripting language, on the other hand, is a lightweight programming language that is interpreted rather than compiled. It is often used for automating tasks, such as web page interactivity or system administration. Scripting languages are usually embedded within other software environments and execute small pieces of code line by line.
- Data types: It supports various data types like numbers, strings, booleans, objects, arrays, and more.
- Functions: It has built-in functions and also enables developers to create their own reusable functions.
- Web page interactivity: Its primary use is to enhance interactivity on websites by responding to user actions and events.