Is Java a Scripting?


Scott Campbell

Is Java a Scripting?

Java and JavaScript are two programming languages that often cause confusion due to their similar names. While they share some similarities, they are fundamentally different in terms of their purpose and usage.

One common question that arises is whether Java can be considered a scripting language like JavaScript. Let’s delve into this topic to gain a better understanding.

What is a scripting language?

A scripting language is a programming language that allows developers to write scripts or programs that can be executed within other software environments. These scripts are usually interpreted rather than compiled, meaning that they are executed line by line rather than being transformed into machine code before execution.

Java – A compiled language

Java, on the other hand, is not typically considered a scripting language. It is a compiled language, which means that the code is first compiled into bytecode and then executed by the Java Virtual Machine (JVM).

The JVM converts the bytecode into machine code for the specific platform on which it is running. This compilation process makes Java highly efficient and allows it to run on any platform with a compatible JVM.

JavaScript – A scripting language

JavaScript, on the other hand, is indeed a scripting language. It was originally developed to add interactivity to web pages and runs directly in web browsers without the need for compilation.

JavaScript code can be embedded within HTML documents or included as separate files and executed by the browser.

Differences between Java and JavaScript

While both languages share similar syntax due to their C-like heritage, there are several key differences between Java and JavaScript:

  • Type system: Java has a static type system where variables must be declared with their specific types, while JavaScript has a dynamic type system where variables can hold values of any type.
  • Execution environment: Java requires the JVM to run, whereas JavaScript runs natively in web browsers.
  • Object-oriented programming: Java is a fully object-oriented language, while JavaScript supports both object-oriented and functional programming paradigms.


In summary, while Java and JavaScript may share some similarities in terms of syntax, they are fundamentally different in their purpose and execution. Java is a compiled language primarily used for building robust applications that run on various platforms.

On the other hand, JavaScript is a scripting language primarily used for enhancing interactivity in web pages. Understanding these differences is crucial when choosing the right tool for your specific development needs.

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