Is HTML a Scripting Language?


Larry Thompson

Is HTML a Scripting Language?

HTML, which stands for HyperText Markup Language, is the standard markup language used for creating web pages. While it is often mistaken as a scripting language, HTML is actually a markup language and not a programming language. In this article, we will delve into the differences between scripting languages and markup languages to understand why HTML falls under the latter category.

Markup Languages

A markup language is a system for annotating text to indicate its structure, presentation, or semantics. HTML uses tags to define elements within a document.

These elements provide instructions on how the content should be displayed in browsers. The tags are enclosed in angle brackets (<>) and usually come in pairs: an opening tag and a closing tag.

Structuring Text with HTML

HTML provides various styling elements that can be used to make text visually engaging and organized.

  • Bold Text: To make text bold, you can use the tag.
  • Underlined Text: If you want to underline text, you can use the tag.
  • List Elements:

    Lists are an essential part of organizing content. In HTML, you can create unordered lists using the

      tag and list items using the

    • tag.

    Differences between Scripting Languages and Markup Languages

    A scripting language, on the other hand, is used to write scripts or programs that automate tasks or perform specific functions. Scripting languages like JavaScript allow for dynamic behavior on web pages by manipulating HTML elements in response to user actions or events.

    In contrast, HTML focuses on describing structured content and defining the layout and presentation of a web page. It provides a standardized way to represent information, such as headings, paragraphs, images, links, and more.

    HTML and Scripting Languages

    Although HTML itself is not a scripting language, it can work in conjunction with scripting languages like JavaScript. JavaScript can be embedded within HTML documents using the