Is HTML a Programming or Scripting Language?
HTML, which stands for Hypertext Markup Language, is a markup language used for creating the structure and presentation of web pages. It provides a set of tags that define the elements and content within a web page. However, there is often confusion about whether HTML is considered a programming language or a scripting language.
HTML as a Markup Language
First and foremost, it’s essential to understand that HTML is primarily a markup language rather than a programming or scripting language. Its main purpose is to describe the structure of a web page using various tags that define different elements such as headings, paragraphs, links, images, tables, and more.
HTML Tags for Structure and Presentation
The use of HTML tags allows developers to organize content in a logical hierarchy and apply styling through CSS (Cascading Style Sheets). These tags don’t have the capability to perform complex computations or execute actions like programming languages do.
- Headings: HTML offers six levels of headings from
. These are used to provide structure and hierarchy to the content.
- Paragraphs: The
tag defines paragraphs within the text.
It helps in organizing ideas into distinct blocks.
- List Items: HTML provides two types of lists: ordered lists (
- ) and unordered lists (
- ). The
- tag is used to define individual list items within these lists.
Differences Between Programming Languages and HTML
HTML’s Interaction with Scripting Languages