Is Dart a Scripting Language?


Scott Campbell

Dart is a programming language that has gained significant popularity in recent years. With its clean syntax and powerful features, it has become a favorite among developers.

However, there is often confusion surrounding whether Dart is a scripting language or not. In this article, we will explore this question in detail.

What is a Scripting Language?
A scripting language is a programming language that is used to write scripts – small programs that automate tasks. These languages are typically interpreted rather than compiled, which means that the code is executed line by line as it is encountered. Scripting languages are often used for tasks such as web development, system administration, and data processing.

Is Dart a Scripting Language?
No, Dart is not considered a scripting language. Unlike traditional scripting languages like JavaScript or Python, Dart is compiled before execution rather than interpreted. This means that the code written in Dart goes through a compilation process to convert it into machine-readable instructions before it can be run.

Why is Dart Compiled?
The decision to make Dart a compiled language was driven by performance considerations. By compiling the code ahead of time, Dart achieves faster execution speeds compared to traditional scripting languages. This makes it well-suited for building high-performance applications where speed is crucial.

Dart’s Compilation Process
When you write code in Dart, you use the Dart SDK (software development kit) to compile your code into an executable format. The compiler takes your Dart code and converts it into efficient machine code that can be executed on different platforms such as web browsers or mobile devices.

The Benefits of Compilation

There are several advantages to using a compiled language like Dart:

  • Better Performance: The compilation process allows the code to be optimized for efficiency, resulting in faster execution speeds.
  • Type Safety: Dart is a statically-typed language, meaning that variables and expressions have defined types. This helps catch errors at compile-time, leading to more robust code.
  • Code Obfuscation: Compilation can also obfuscate the code, making it harder for others to reverse-engineer and understand your application logic.

The Role of Scripting in Dart

Although Dart is not a scripting language itself, it does provide a way to execute scripts within a Dart application. The `dart:io` library allows you to run scripts written in Dart, similar to how scripting languages are used. This feature is particularly useful for tasks like automation or command-line tools.


In summary, while Dart shares some similarities with scripting languages in terms of its ease of use and flexibility, it is fundamentally a compiled language. Its compilation process offers improved performance and type safety compared to traditional scripting languages.

However, Dart also provides capabilities for running scripts within applications when needed. So while not a scripting language itself, Dart can still accommodate scripting-like tasks within its ecosystem.

With its unique blend of performance and flexibility, the popularity of Dart continues to grow among developers. Whether you are building web applications or mobile apps, exploring the possibilities of this versatile language can open up new opportunities for your projects.

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