Is Apache Struts a Web Server?


Heather Bennett

Apache Struts is a powerful framework used for developing Java-based web applications. But is it a web server? Let’s dive into this topic and explore the role of Apache Struts in web development.

What is a Web Server?
A web server is a software that handles HTTP requests and serves HTML pages or other resources to clients, such as web browsers. It acts as an intermediary between the client and the web application, processing requests and returning responses.

Understanding Apache Struts
Apache Struts is not a web server itself. Instead, it is a framework that runs on a web server. It provides developers with a set of tools, libraries, and conventions to build robust and scalable Java-based web applications.

The Role of Apache Struts

Apache Struts follows the Model-View-Controller (MVC) architectural pattern, which separates the application into three main components:

  • Model: The model represents the data and business logic of the application.
  • View: The view defines how the data is presented to the user.
  • Controller: The controller handles user input, interacts with the model, and updates the view accordingly.

By adopting this pattern, Apache Struts promotes code organization, maintainability, and reusability.

The Benefits of Using Apache Struts

Simplified Development Process:
With Apache Struts, developers can focus on writing modular code by leveraging its predefined structures. This reduces development time and effort.

Reusable Components:
The framework provides pre-built components that can be easily reused across different applications. This saves developers from reinventing the wheel.

Built-in Validation:
Apache Struts offers built-in support for form validation, making it easier to validate user input and ensure the integrity of data.

Integration with Other Technologies:
Apache Struts seamlessly integrates with various Java technologies, such as JavaServer Pages (JSP), Java Servlets, and JavaBeans. This allows developers to leverage their existing knowledge and skills.


In summary, Apache Struts is not a web server itself.

It provides developers with tools and conventions to build Java-based web applications following the MVC architectural pattern. By utilizing Apache Struts, developers can simplify the development process, reuse components, perform built-in validation, and integrate with other Java technologies.

So while Apache Struts isn’t a web server in itself, it plays a crucial role in building powerful and scalable web applications.

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