In Which Scripting Language the Test Pipeline Can Be Written in Jenkins?


Angela Bailey

In the world of continuous integration and continuous delivery, Jenkins is one of the most popular open-source automation servers. It allows developers to automate various stages of the software development life cycle, including building, testing, and deploying applications.

When it comes to writing test pipelines in Jenkins, there are multiple scripting languages that can be used. Let’s take a closer look at some of the options available.

Bash Scripting

Bash scripting is one of the most widely used scripting languages for writing test pipelines in Jenkins. Bash (short for Bourne Again SHell) is the default command-line shell on many Unix-based operating systems, including Linux and macOS. It provides a rich set of built-in commands and utilities that can be leveraged to perform various tasks within a Jenkins pipeline.

Using bash scripting in Jenkins pipelines allows you to execute shell commands, run tests, manipulate files and directories, and perform other system-related tasks. With its simplicity and wide availability, bash scripting is a popular choice among developers for quickly setting up test pipelines in Jenkins.

Groovy Scripting

Groovy is a powerful object-oriented programming language that runs on top of the Java Virtual Machine (JVM). It is seamlessly integrated with Jenkins and provides an expressive syntax for writing test pipelines. Groovy scripts are written using Groovy DSL (Domain-Specific Language), which allows you to define your pipeline stages, steps, and conditions with ease.

When using Groovy scripting in Jenkins pipelines, you have access to a vast ecosystem of libraries and frameworks developed for the Java platform. This enables you to leverage existing Java code or write custom Groovy libraries to perform complex tasks within your test pipeline.

Python Scripting

Python is a versatile programming language known for its simplicity and readability. It has a wide range of libraries and frameworks for various purposes, including testing. With the help of the Jenkins Python plugin, you can write your test pipelines in Python.

Python scripting in Jenkins pipelines allows you to take advantage of the extensive Python ecosystem to perform tasks like running tests, generating reports, interacting with databases, and more. The flexibility and ease of use offered by Python make it a popular choice for writing test pipelines in Jenkins.

Other Scripting Languages

While bash, Groovy, and Python are some of the prominent scripting languages used in Jenkins test pipelines, there are several other options available. Some developers prefer using Ruby, Perl, or even Node.js for their test pipeline scripting needs. The choice of scripting language ultimately depends on factors such as personal preference, existing codebase, availability of libraries, and project requirements.


In conclusion, Jenkins provides developers with a wide range of options when it comes to scripting languages for writing test pipelines. Whether you prefer the simplicity of bash scripting, the power of Groovy scripting with access to Java libraries, or the flexibility of Python scripting with its extensive ecosystem – there is a suitable option available for everyone. Ultimately, the choice of scripting language should be based on your project requirements and familiarity with the language.

  • Bash scripting: Simple and widely available on Unix-based systems.
  • Groovy scripting: Powerful object-oriented language integrated with Jenkins.
  • Python scripting: Versatile language with a vast ecosystem for testing.
  • Other options: Ruby, Perl, Node.js – choose what suits your requirements best.

The key is to select a scripting language that allows you to write clear, maintainable, and efficient test pipelines in Jenkins. Experiment with different options and find the one that works best for you and your team.

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