How You Will Use Aggregation Function in QlikView Scripting?


Larry Thompson

In QlikView scripting, aggregation functions are used to perform calculations on a set of data values and return a single result. These functions are essential for analyzing and summarizing data in a QlikView application.

What are Aggregation Functions?

An aggregation function takes one or more input values and returns a single output value. It operates on a set of data values and performs calculations such as sum, average, count, maximum, minimum, etc. These functions help us derive insights from large datasets by summarizing the data based on specific criteria.

Using Aggregation Functions in QlikView Scripting

QlikView provides a wide range of built-in aggregation functions that can be used in the script to perform calculations on fields. These functions can be categorized into three types:

  • Simple Aggregation Functions: These functions operate on a single field or column and return a single result. Examples include sum(), avg(), min(), max(), count(), etc.
  • Group Aggregation Functions: These functions operate on multiple fields or columns and return results grouped by one or more dimensions.

    Examples include sum({dimension} field), avg({dimension} field), count(distinct {dimension} field), etc.

  • Nested Aggregation Functions: These functions combine multiple levels of aggregations to produce more complex results. Examples include avg(sum(field)), max(min(field)), etc.

Syntax of Aggregation Functions in QlikView Scripting

The syntax for using an aggregation function in the QlikView script is as follows:

[Table Name]: 
  Aggregation_Function(FieldName) AS Aggregated_Field
FROM DataSource;

Here, the [Table Name] represents the name of the table where the data is loaded, Aggregation_Function represents the specific aggregation function to be used, FieldName represents the field on which the aggregation will be performed, and Aggregated_Field represents the alias for the aggregated field.


  SUM(Sales) AS Total_Sales,
  Avg(Quantity) AS Average_Quantity,
  COUNT(DISTINCT CustomerID) AS Unique_Customers
FROM DataFile.csv;

In this example, we are loading data from a CSV file into a table named “SalesData”. We are using three different aggregation functions to calculate the total sales, average quantity, and number of unique customers.

Incorporating Aggregation Functions in QlikView Applications

The results of aggregation functions can be used in various ways within a QlikView application. They can be displayed as charts and tables to visualize trends and patterns in data. Aggregated values can also be used for creating calculated fields and expressions that provide additional insights.

Tips for Using Aggregation Functions:

  • Select Appropriate Aggregation Function: Choose the right aggregation function based on the type of analysis you want to perform on your data. For example, use sum() to calculate total sales or count() to count the number of records.
  • Consider Grouping: If you want to analyze data based on specific dimensions, use group aggregation functions.

    They allow you to group data by one or more fields and perform calculations within each group.

  • Use Distinct Count: When counting unique values, use count(distinct field) to avoid double-counting duplicates.
  • Combine Aggregation Functions: Nested aggregation functions can be powerful tools for deriving complex calculations. Experiment with combining different aggregation functions to get the desired results.

In conclusion, aggregation functions play a crucial role in QlikView scripting. They enable us to analyze and summarize large datasets efficiently. By incorporating these functions into our QlikView applications, we can derive meaningful insights and make informed decisions based on the data at hand.

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