How Will You Upload a File on to the Web Server Explain With Example in Python?


Heather Bennett

Uploading files to a web server is a common task in web development. It allows users to share and store various types of data, such as images, documents, or media files. In this tutorial, we will explore how to upload a file onto a web server using Python.


Before we begin, make sure you have the following:

  • Python installed on your computer.
  • A web server where you have permission to upload files.

The HTML Form

To enable file uploads, we need to create an HTML form with the appropriate attributes. Open your favorite code editor and create a new HTML file called “upload.html”.

<!DOCTYPE html>
    <title>File Upload Example</title>

    <h3>Upload File:</h3>

    <form action="" method="POST" enctype="multipart/form-data">
        <input type="file" name="fileToUpload"><br><br>
        <input type="submit" value="Upload">


The form’s action attribute specifies where the form data should be sent when submitted. In this example, we set it to “”, which will be our Python script for handling the file upload.

The enctype attribute specifies the encoding type for the form data. In the case of file uploads, we use “multipart/form-data”.

Inside the form, we have an <input> element with type=”file”, which allows users to select a file from their computer.

Finally, we have a submit button that users can click to upload the selected file.

The Python Script

Now that we have our HTML form ready, let’s create a Python script to handle the file upload. Create a new file called “” in the same directory as your HTML file.

# import required libraries
import cgi
import os

form = cgi.FieldStorage()

# get uploaded file
file_upload = form['fileToUpload']

# check if the file was uploaded successfully
if file_upload.filename:
    # create a new file in the server's uploads directory
    filepath = os.path.join('uploads', file_upload.filename)
    with open(filepath, 'wb') as f:
    print(f"File '{file_upload.filename}' uploaded successfully!")
    print("No file was selected for upload.")

In this Python script, we first import two essential libraries: cgi and os.

We then create an instance of cgi.FieldStorage(), which allows us to access and manipulate form data submitted via HTTP POST.

We retrieve the uploaded file using its name attribute (“fileToUpload” in this example) and store it in the variable file_upload.

We check if a filename exists to ensure that a valid file was selected for upload. If it does, we proceed to save the file on the server.

We create a new file in a directory called “uploads” (which needs to be created beforehand) and write the uploaded file’s content into it using the open() and write() functions.

Finally, we display a success message if the file was uploaded successfully, or an error message if no file was selected for upload.

Testing the File Upload

To test our file upload functionality, we need to run a local web server. Open your terminal or command prompt, navigate to the directory containing both your HTML and Python files, and run the following command:

python -m http.server

This will start a simple HTTP server on your local machine. Open your web browser and go to http://localhost:8000/upload.html.

You should see a form with an option to upload a file. Select a file from your computer, click the “Upload” button, and wait for the page to reload.

If everything went smoothly, you should see a success message indicating that your file was uploaded successfully!


You have successfully learned how to upload files onto a web server using Python. This skill can be invaluable when building web applications that require user-generated content or media sharing functionalities.

Remember to always validate user-uploaded files and apply security measures as required in real-world scenarios.

Happy coding!

Discord Server - Web Server - Private Server - DNS Server - Object-Oriented Programming - Scripting - Data Types - Data Structures

Privacy Policy