How to Restart Nginx Web Server?

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Heather Bennett

Have you ever encountered a situation where you needed to restart your Nginx web server? Restarting the server can be necessary after making changes to the configuration files or when troubleshooting issues. In this tutorial, we will guide you through the process of restarting your Nginx web server using different methods.

Method 1: Using the systemctl command

If you are using a Linux distribution with systemd as the init system, such as Ubuntu or CentOS, you can use the systemctl command to restart Nginx. Here’s how:

  1. Open your terminal: You can open the terminal by searching for it in your system’s applications or by using the keyboard shortcut (Ctrl + Alt + T).
  2. Stop Nginx: To stop Nginx, type the following command and press Enter.
    sudo systemctl stop nginx

    This command will stop the Nginx service on your system.

  3. Start Nginx: After stopping Nginx, you can start it again using the following command:
    sudo systemctl start nginx

    This command will start the Nginx service on your system.

Method 2: Using the service command

If your Linux distribution does not use systemd as the init system, you can use the service command to restart Nginx. Follow these steps:

  1. Open your terminal.
  2. Restart Nginx: To restart Nginx using the service command, type:
    sudo service nginx restart

    This command will restart the Nginx service on your system.

Method 3: Using the kill command

If you prefer a more manual approach, you can use the kill command to restart Nginx. Here’s how:

  1. Open your terminal.
  2. Find the Nginx process ID (PID): To find the PID of the Nginx process, type:
    ps aux | grep nginx

    This command will display a list of processes containing the term “nginx”. Look for the line that represents the Nginx process and note down its PID.

  3. Restart Nginx: Once you have the PID, you can restart Nginx by sending a TERM signal followed by starting it again. Run these commands:
    sudo kill -s TERM [nginx_pid]
    sudo nginx

    Replace “[nginx_pid]” with the actual PID you obtained in step 2.

By following any of these methods, you should be able to successfully restart your Nginx web server. Remember to choose a method that suits your needs and system configuration. Happy server management!

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