How Many Client Side Scripting Languages Are There?


Larry Thompson

Client-side scripting languages are an essential part of web development, allowing developers to create interactive and dynamic web pages. These languages are executed on the client’s browser, meaning that the code is run directly on the user’s machine rather than on the server. This article will explore how many client-side scripting languages are currently available and widely used in the web development community.


When it comes to client-side scripting, JavaScript is undoubtedly the most popular and widely used language. It was developed by Brendan Eich at Netscape in 1995 and has since become a staple for front-end development. JavaScript allows developers to add functionality to web pages, manipulate HTML elements, handle events, perform calculations, and much more.


TypeScript is a superset of JavaScript that adds static typing and other advanced features. It was created by Microsoft and has gained popularity among developers working with large-scale applications. TypeScript code is transpiled into JavaScript before being executed by the browser.


CoffeeScript is a language that compiles into JavaScript. It provides a more concise syntax with features like list comprehensions and function binding. While it gained some popularity in the past, its usage has declined in recent years as other options like TypeScript have emerged.


Elm is a functional programming language specifically designed for building web applications. It compiles to JavaScript and offers strong type inference, immutability, and pure functions. Elm’s goal is to provide an enjoyable development experience while ensuring reliability and maintainability.


PureScript is another functional programming language that compiles to JavaScript. It shares similarities with Elm but offers even greater flexibility by allowing developers to work with existing JavaScript libraries. PureScript promotes strong typing and immutability, making it a powerful choice for building robust web applications.


Developed by Google, Dart is a language that can be used for both front-end and back-end development. It comes with its own virtual machine, allowing Dart code to be executed directly in the browser without the need for transpilation. While not as widely adopted as JavaScript, Dart has gained traction in the Flutter framework for mobile app development.


Haxe is a multi-platform language that can Target various platforms, including JavaScript. It offers a strongly typed syntax and compiles to efficient and optimized code. Haxe has been used in game development, web development, and even cross-platform mobile app development.


While JavaScript remains the dominant client-side scripting language, there are several other options available to developers. TypeScript offers enhanced features and static typing, while languages like Elm and PureScript focus on functional programming paradigms. Dart provides a separate runtime environment, whereas Haxe allows developers to Target multiple platforms with a single codebase.

If you’re starting with web development or looking to expand your skillset, exploring these client-side scripting languages can open up new possibilities and help you become a more versatile developer.

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