How Is Scripting Done?


Larry Thompson

Scripting is a fundamental aspect of web development that allows us to add dynamic functionality to our websites. By utilizing scripting languages like JavaScript, PHP, or Python, we can create interactive elements, handle form submissions, manipulate data, and perform various other tasks that enhance the user experience.

The Basics of Scripting

Scripting involves writing a series of instructions or commands that are executed by the browser or server. These instructions are written in a scripting language and can be embedded directly within the HTML code of a webpage or stored in separate script files that are linked to the HTML document using the <script> tag.

Let’s take a closer look at how scripting is done using JavaScript as an example:

Embedding JavaScript in HTML

To embed JavaScript code directly within an HTML document, we use the <script> tag. This tag can be placed anywhere within the <head> or <body> section of the HTML document.

Note: It is generally considered best practice to place script tags at the bottom of the <body> section to ensure that all HTML content has been loaded before executing any scripts.


<!DOCTYPE html>
    <title>Scripting Example</title>

    <p id="demo"></p>

    <script type="text/javascript">
        // JavaScript code goes here
        var element = document.getElementById("demo");
        element.innerHTML = "Hello, World!";


In the above example, we have embedded a JavaScript code block within the <script> tags. This code selects the HTML element with the id “demo” and changes its content to display “Hello, World!”

External JavaScript Files

For larger scripts or when reusing code across multiple web pages, it is often more convenient to store the script in an external file with a .js extension. To link this file to an HTML document, we use the <script> tag with the src attribute pointing to the location of the script file.

Note: The external JavaScript file should be referenced after all other elements on the page to ensure that all necessary HTML elements have been loaded before executing any JavaScript functions.


<!DOCTYPE html>
<title>Scripting Example</title>
<script src="script.js" type="text/javascript"></script>

In this example, we have linked an external script file called "script.js" using the <script src=""> tag. The contents of this script file could be similar to our previous example.

The Power of Scripting

Scripting languages like JavaScript provide a wide range of powerful features and functionalities:

  • Event Handling: JavaScript allows us to respond to user interactions such as button clicks, form submissions, or mouse movements.
  • DOM Manipulation: With JavaScript, we can dynamically modify the structure, content, and styling of HTML elements on the fly.
  • Data Validation: Scripting enables us to validate user input in real-time and provide feedback based on specific validation rules.
  • AJAX: Asynchronous JavaScript and XML (AJAX) enables us to update parts of a webpage without reloading the entire page, resulting in a more seamless user experience.
  • Data Storage: Scripting languages allow us to store data locally in the browser using mechanisms like cookies or web storage.

The possibilities with scripting are virtually endless. By combining HTML markup and CSS styling with scripting languages, we can create dynamic and interactive web applications that engage users and provide a rich browsing experience.

In Conclusion

In this tutorial, we explored the basics of scripting and how it is done using JavaScript as an example. We learned about embedding scripts directly within HTML documents using the <script> tag and linking external script files. Additionally, we discussed some of the powerful features that scripting languages offer for enhancing web development.

Becoming proficient in scripting opens up numerous opportunities for creating dynamic websites that stand out from static pages. So go ahead, experiment with scripting languages, and unlock the true potential of web development!