How Does Object-Oriented Programming Work Python?


Heather Bennett

Object-oriented programming (OOP) is a popular programming paradigm that allows you to structure your code in a way that is both efficient and easy to understand. Python, being a versatile and powerful language, fully supports object-oriented programming. In this article, we will take a deep dive into how OOP works in Python.

Introduction to Object-Oriented Programming

Before we delve into the specifics of how OOP works in Python, let’s quickly understand the basic principles of object-oriented programming.

OOP revolves around the concept of objects. An object is an instance of a class, which serves as a blueprint for creating objects.

Each object has properties (attributes) and behaviors (methods). By defining classes and creating objects from those classes, you can organize your code into modular units.

Defining Classes in Python

In Python, you can define a class using the class keyword followed by the name of the class. Let’s take an example of a simple class called Person:

class Person:
    def __init__(self, name): = name
    def greet(self):
        return f"Hello, my name is {}."

In this example, we defined the Person class with two methods – \_\_init\_\_() and greet(). The \_\_init\_\_() method is known as the constructor and is called when an object of the class is created. It initializes the attributes of the object.

Create Objects from Classes

To create an object from a class in Python, you simply call the class as if it were a function. Let’s create an object of the Person class:

person = Person("John")

Here, we created an object named person from the Person class and passed the name “John” as an argument to the constructor. We then called the greet() method on the person object to print a greeting.

Inheritance in Python

Inheritance is a powerful feature in OOP that allows you to create a new class (child class) based on an existing class (parent class). The child class inherits all the properties and methods of its parent class.

To demonstrate inheritance, let’s define a new class called Student, which inherits from the Person class:

class Student(Person):
    def __init__(self, name, student_id):
        self.student_id = student_id
    def study(self):
        return f"{} is studying."

In this example, the Student class inherits from the Person class using parentheses after its name. It also defines a new attribute called student_id, along with a new method called study().

Create Objects from Inherited Classes

You can create objects from inherited classes just like any other classes. Let’s create an object of the Student class:

student = Student("Jane", "A123")

In this example, we created an object named student from the Student class and passed the name “Jane” and student ID “A123” as arguments to the constructor. We then called the greet() method inherited from the Person class, as well as the study() method defined in the Student class.

Closing Thoughts

In this article, we explored how object-oriented programming works in Python. We learned how to define classes, create objects from those classes, and even perform inheritance to create new classes based on existing ones. Object-oriented programming is a powerful paradigm that allows for code reusability, modularity, and easier maintenance.

To become proficient in OOP with Python, it’s essential to practice and experiment with different concepts and scenarios. So go ahead and start creating your own classes, objects, and explore the vast possibilities of object-oriented programming!

Discord Server - Web Server - Private Server - DNS Server - Object-Oriented Programming - Scripting - Data Types - Data Structures

Privacy Policy