How Do You Make a Private Server in Minecraft?


Heather Bennett

Are you tired of playing on public Minecraft servers? Do you want to create your own private server where you can play with your friends or customize the game to your liking?

Look no further! In this tutorial, we will guide you through the process of setting up your very own private Minecraft server. Let’s get started!

Step 1: Installing the Server Software

The first step in creating a private Minecraft server is to install the necessary software on your computer. You will need to download the Minecraft Server software from the official website. Make sure to choose the version that corresponds to your operating system (Windows, macOS, or Linux).

Step 2: Setting Up the Server

Once you have downloaded the server software, create a new folder on your computer where you want to store the server files. This can be anywhere on your computer, but it’s recommended to choose a location that is easy to remember.

Pro Tip: It’s a good idea to give your folder a descriptive name like “Minecraft Server” so that you can easily identify it later.

Navigate to the folder where you saved the server software and double-click on it to run it. This will create several files and folders in your chosen location.

Server Properties

To customize your private server, open the newly created folder and locate a file named “”. Open this file using a text editor (such as Notepad) and make any changes you want.

  • Difficulty: Set the difficulty level of the game (0 for peaceful, 1 for easy, 2 for normal, or 3 for hard).
  • Game Mode: Choose between survival mode (0) or creative mode (1).
  • Max Players: Set the maximum number of players allowed on your server at once.
  • Motd: This stands for “Message of the Day” and is the text that players see when they join your server.

Note: There are many other options you can customize in the file. Feel free to explore them and tweak your server to your liking!

Step 3: Port Forwarding

In order for other players to connect to your private Minecraft server, you will need to set up port forwarding on your router. This allows incoming connections on a specific port (default is 25565) to be forwarded to your computer running the server software.

To set up port forwarding, you need to access your router’s settings. Open a web browser and enter your router’s IP address in the address bar. This IP address is usually printed on a label on the back or bottom of your router.

Once you have accessed your router’s settings, look for a section called “Port Forwarding” or “Virtual Servers”. Add a new rule specifying the Minecraft server’s port (25565) and the local IP address of the computer running the server software.

Step 4: Starting Your Server

You’re almost there! To start your private Minecraft server, simply double-click on the server software file that you downloaded and saved earlier. A console window will open, indicating that the server is starting up.

Note: If you encounter any errors during startup, make sure that Java is installed on your computer and updated to the latest version.

Once the server has started, you can invite your friends to join by giving them your public IP address (you can find this by searching “what is my IP address” in a search engine). They can then connect to your server using the Minecraft game client and your public IP address.


Congratulations! You have successfully set up your own private Minecraft server.

Now you and your friends can enjoy a personalized Minecraft experience tailored to your preferences. Remember to keep your server software and router settings up to date for optimal performance and security. Happy gaming!

Pro Tip: To enhance your server even further, consider installing plugins or mods that add new features and gameplay mechanics. There are countless resources available online where you can find and download these modifications.

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