How Do You Make a Private Server in Minecraft Java?


Scott Campbell

Minecraft Java Edition is a popular game that allows players to create and explore their own virtual worlds. While playing on public servers can be fun, some players prefer to have a more personalized experience by creating their own private server. In this tutorial, we will walk you through the process of setting up a private server in Minecraft Java Edition.

Step 1: Downloading the Server Software

The first step in setting up a private server is to download the Minecraft server software. You can find the official server software on the Minecraft website. Make sure to download the version that matches your current Minecraft Java Edition version.

Step 2: Creating a New Folder

Once you have downloaded the server software, create a new folder on your computer where you want to store your server files. Name it something like “Minecraft Server” for easy identification.

Step 3: Running the Server Software

To run the server software, you will need to open a command prompt or terminal window. Navigate to the folder where you saved the server files and run the following command:

java -Xmx1024M -Xms1024M -jar minecraft_server.jar nogui

This command starts the Minecraft server with 1GB of RAM allocated. You can adjust these values based on your system’s specifications.


If you are running on Windows and have trouble running the command, make sure that you have Java Development Kit (JDK) installed on your computer.

Step 4: Configuring Server Settings

Before inviting your friends to join your private server, it’s important to configure some basic server settings. Open the file located in the same folder as the server software.

Inside this file, you can customize various aspects of your server, such as the game mode, difficulty level, and maximum number of players. Make sure to save the changes after making any modifications.

Step 5: Port Forwarding

In order for your friends to connect to your private server, you will need to set up port forwarding on your router. The process for doing this varies depending on your router model and manufacturer, so it’s best to consult your router’s documentation or visit the manufacturer’s website for specific instructions.


By default, Minecraft Java Edition uses port 25565 for multiplayer connections. Make sure to forward this port in your router settings.

Step 6: Sharing Your IP Address

To connect to your private server, your friends will need to know your public IP address. You can find this information by visiting a website like

Share this IP address with your friends and instruct them to enter it in the direct connect field within Minecraft Java Edition. They should be able to join your private server successfully.


Congratulations! You have successfully set up a private server in Minecraft Java Edition.

Now you can enjoy playing with your friends in a personalized and controlled environment. Remember to always keep the server software updated and properly manage any plugins or mods you may have installed for an optimal gaming experience.

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