How Do You Explain Object Oriented Programming to a 6 Year Old?


Heather Bennett

How Do You Explain Object Oriented Programming to a 6 Year Old?

Explaining complex concepts to young children can be a challenging task. However, with the right approach and a touch of creativity, it is possible to introduce them to the fascinating world of programming. In this article, we will explore how you can explain object-oriented programming (OOP) to a 6-year-old in a fun and engaging way.

What is Object-Oriented Programming?

Object-oriented programming is a way of writing computer programs that organize information and actions into objects. An object can be thought of as something that has both properties (like color, shape, or size) and abilities (like moving, making sounds, or changing shape).

In the world around us, there are many objects. For example, think about your favorite toy car.

It has properties like color and size, and it can do things like move forward or backward. In OOP, we try to represent real-world objects in our computer programs.

The Building Blocks of Object-Oriented Programming

In OOP, there are three important building blocks:

  • Classes: A class is like a blueprint or a recipe for creating objects. It defines what properties an object will have and what actions it can perform. For example, a class for our toy car might define that it has properties like color and size, and actions like moving forward or backward.
  • Objects: An object is an instance created from a class. It’s like making a real toy car using the blueprint.

    Each object created from the same class will have its own set of properties and can perform actions independently.

  • Methods: Methods are the actions that an object can perform. Going back to our toy car example, a method could be “move forward.” When we call this method, the toy car will start moving in the specified direction.

Why Do We Use Object-Oriented Programming?

OOP helps us write better programs by making them more organized, easier to understand, and reusable. It allows us to break complex problems into smaller, more manageable pieces. Think of it like building with Lego blocks – you have different pieces that you can combine in many ways to create something amazing!

By using OOP, we can create programs that are easier to update and maintain. If we want to change something in our toy car program, like adding a new action or changing its color, we only need to make changes in one place (the class), and all the objects created from that class will automatically get the updates.


In summary, object-oriented programming is a way of organizing information and actions into objects that resemble real-world things. It uses classes as blueprints for creating objects with properties and abilities. OOP makes our programs more organized, easier to understand, and reusable.

So next time you play with your favorite toy car or any other object, remember that you already have a basic understanding of object-oriented programming!

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