How Do You Do Bash Scripting in Linux?


Larry Thompson

Bash scripting is a powerful tool that allows users to automate tasks and perform complex operations in the Linux environment. Whether you are a beginner or an experienced user, understanding how to write Bash scripts can greatly enhance your productivity and efficiency.

What is Bash?

Bash, short for “Bourne Again SHell,” is the default command-line interpreter in most Linux distributions. It provides a command-line interface (CLI) for users to interact with the operating system. Bash scripting refers to writing scripts using the Bash language to automate repetitive tasks and perform system administration tasks.

Getting Started with Bash Scripting

To start writing Bash scripts, you need a text editor such as vi, nano, or gedit. Open your preferred text editor and create a new file with a .sh extension, which denotes a shell script file. For example, you can create a file named “”.


$ nano

Writing Your First Script

Once you have your script file open in the text editor, you can begin writing your first script. A basic script usually starts with the shebang line “#!/bin/bash” which tells the system which interpreter to use for executing the script.


echo "Hello, World!"

In this example, we use the echo command to print the string “Hello, World!” on the terminal when executing the script.

Making Your Script Executable

To execute your bash script directly from the terminal, you need to make it executable using the chmod command.


$ chmod +x

This command grants execute permissions to the script file, allowing you to run it as a program.

Running Your Script

To run your bash script, navigate to the directory where the script is located and execute it using the ./ prefix followed by the script’s filename.


$ ./

The output should display “Hello, World!” on your terminal.

Bash Scripting Concepts

Bash scripting involves various concepts that enable you to perform complex operations. Here are some essential concepts to get you started:


In Bash scripting, variables are used to store data. You can assign values to variables and use them throughout your script.


echo "Hello, $name!"

This script assigns the value “John” to the variable “name” and displays “Hello, John!” when executed.

Conditional Statements

Bash provides conditional statements such as if-else and case, allowing you to perform actions based on certain conditions.


if [ $age -gt 18 ]; then
echo "You are an adult."
echo "You are a minor."

This script checks if the variable “age” is greater than 18. If true, it displays “You are an adult.” Otherwise, it displays “You are a minor.”


Bash offers loops such as for, while, and until to repeat a block of code multiple times.


for ((i=1; i<=5; i++)); do echo "Iteration $i" done

This script uses a for loop to display "Iteration 1" to "Iteration 5" on the terminal.


You can define functions in Bash scripts to group a set of commands and reuse them throughout your script.


greet() {
echo "Hello, $1!"

greet "Alice"
greet "Bob"

This script defines a function named "greet" that takes a parameter. It then calls the function twice with different arguments, displaying personalized greetings for Alice and Bob.

Bash Scripting Resources

To further enhance your Bash scripting skills, you may refer to the following resources:

  • Bash Manual: The official documentation for Bash provides in-depth information about its features and functionalities.
  • Shell Scripting Tutorial: This tutorial covers various aspects of shell scripting, including Bash">Advanced Bash-Scripting Guide: A comprehensive guide that explores advanced topics in Bash scripting.

Bash scripting opens up a world of possibilities for automating tasks and managing Linux systems efficiently. With practice and exploration of different concepts, you can become proficient in writing powerful scripts tailored to your needs.

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