How Do You Convert a DataFrame Into a Data Type?


Angela Bailey

Converting a DataFrame into a different data type can be a useful operation when working with data analysis and manipulation. Fortunately, in Python, there are several methods available to achieve this conversion. In this tutorial, we will explore some popular techniques to convert a DataFrame into various data types.

1. Converting to a Numpy Array

If you want to convert your DataFrame into a Numpy array, you can use the values attribute of the DataFrame. The values attribute returns the underlying data as a Numpy array.

import pandas as pd
import numpy as np

# Create a sample DataFrame
df = pd.DataFrame({'A': [1, 2, 3], 'B': [4, 5, 6]})

# Convert DataFrame to Numpy array
array = df.values



[[1 4]
 [2 5]
 [3 6]]

2. Converting to a List of Lists

If you prefer converting your DataFrame into a list of lists, you can use the values.tolist() method. This method returns the DataFrame values as a nested list.

# Convert DataFrame to list of lists
list_of_lists = df.values.tolist()



[[1, 4],
 [2, 5],
 [3, 6]]

3. Converting to JSON

To convert your DataFrame into JSON format, you can use the .to_json() method. By default, this method converts the entire DataFrame into a JSON string.

# Convert DataFrame to JSON
json_data = df.to_json()




If you want to save the JSON data to a file, you can specify the file path as an argument in .to_json():

# Save DataFrame as JSON file

4. Converting to CSV

If you need to convert your DataFrame into CSV format, you can use the .to_csv() method. This method allows you to specify the file path and any additional parameters like delimiter and index.

# Convert DataFrame to CSV
df.to_csv('data.csv', index=False)

# Specify a custom delimiter
df.csv', sep='|', index=False)


In this tutorial, we explored various methods for converting a DataFrame into different data types. We learned how to convert a DataFrame into a Numpy array, list of lists, JSON format, and CSV format. These conversion techniques are valuable when working with different libraries or when storing or sharing data in different formats.

Remember that when converting a DataFrame into a different data type, consider the specific requirements of your analysis or application. Choose the appropriate conversion method based on the desired output format and compatibility with other tools.

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