How Do You Change the Data Type to Short Text in Access?


Larry Thompson

Changing the data type to short text in Microsoft Access is a simple process that allows you to store and manipulate alphanumeric data in your database. In this tutorial, we will guide you through the steps to change the data type to short text for a field in an Access table.

Step 1: Open your Access database

To begin, open Microsoft Access and open the database you want to work with.

Step 2: Open the table you want to modify

In the navigation pane on the left side of the screen, click on “Tables” to display all the tables in your database. Double-click on the table you want to modify.

Step 3: Select the field to change

In the table design view, locate the field for which you want to change the data type. Click on its name or select it by clicking and dragging over its row.

Step 4: Change the data type

With the field selected, go to the “Field Properties” section in the lower part of your screen. Locate and click on the “Data Type” dropdown menu.

  • Note: Depending on your version of Access, this dropdown menu may be labeled as “Data Type” or “Type”.

In this dropdown menu, select “Short Text” as your desired data type. This will allow you to store alphanumeric values up to a certain length (255 characters in most versions of Access).

Optional Step: Modify field properties

If necessary, you can further modify properties such as field size or input mask by adjusting settings in other sections of the table design view. However, these steps are beyond our current scope.

Step 5: Save your changes

Once you have selected “Short Text” as the data type for your field, save your changes by clicking on the “Save” button in the toolbar or pressing Ctrl + S on your keyboard.

Step 6: Close the table

After saving your changes, you can close the table by clicking on the “Close” button in the toolbar or using the shortcut Ctrl + W.


In this tutorial, we have learned how to change the data type to short text for a field in Microsoft Access. By following these steps, you can easily modify your database to store and manipulate alphanumeric data efficiently.

Remember to save your changes and close the table after making modifications. Now you can confidently manage your Access database with short text data types!

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