How Do I Setup AWS Web Server?

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Heather Bennett

In this tutorial, we will walk through the step-by-step process of setting up an AWS web server. By following these instructions, you’ll be able to deploy your website or web application on a reliable and scalable infrastructure provided by Amazon Web Services (AWS).

Prerequisites

Before we dive into the setup process, make sure you have the following prerequisites:

  • An AWS account: If you don’t have one already, sign up for an AWS account at https://aws.Amazon.com.
  • A registered domain name: You will need a registered domain name to associate with your web server. If you don’t have one, you can register a domain name through a registrar like GoDaddy or Namecheap.

Step 1: Launch an EC2 Instance

The first step is to launch an Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) instance. Follow these steps:

  1. Login to the AWS Management Console: Go to https://console.aws.com and login with your AWS account credentials.
  2. Navigate to EC2 Dashboard: From the AWS Management Console, search for “EC2” in the search bar and click on “EC2” under “Compute”.
  3. Launch an Instance: Click on “Launch Instance” to start the instance creation process.
  4. Select an Amazon Machine Image (AMI): Choose an AMI based on your requirements.

    For example, select an AMI with a pre-installed web server like Apache or Nginx.

  5. Select Instance Type: Choose the instance type based on your performance needs. For a simple website, a t2.micro instance should suffice.
  6. Configure Instance: Configure the instance details like network settings, security groups, and storage options.
  7. Review and Launch: Review your instance configuration and click on “Launch” to start the instance.
  8. Create a Key Pair: Create or select an existing key pair to securely connect to your instance via SSH.
  9. Launch Instances: Finally, click on “Launch Instances” to launch your EC2 instance.

Step 2: Configure Security Group

To allow incoming traffic to your web server, you need to configure the security group associated with your EC2 instance. Follow these steps:

  1. Navigate to Security Groups: From the EC2 Dashboard, click on “Security Groups” under “Network & Security”.
  2. Select the Security Group: Select the security group associated with your EC2 instance.
  3. Edit Inbound Rules: Click on “Edit inbound rules” and add rules to allow traffic on port 80 (HTTP) and/or port 443 (HTTPS), depending on your requirements.

Step 3: Associate Elastic IP Address

An Elastic IP address provides a static public IP address for your EC2 instance. Follow these steps to associate an Elastic IP address with your instance:

  1. Navigate to Elastic IPs: From the EC2 Dashboard, click on “Elastic IPs” under “Network & Security”.
  2. Select Allocate New Address: Click on “Allocate new address” to allocate a new Elastic IP address.
  3. Select the New Elastic IP: Select the newly allocated Elastic IP address.
  4. Associate the Elastic IP: Click on “Actions” and choose “Associate IP address”. Select your EC2 instance and click on “Associate”.

Step 4: Connect to Your EC2 Instance

To connect to your EC2 instance, follow these steps:

  1. Navigate to Instances: From the EC2 Dashboard, click on “Instances” under “Instances”.
  2. Select Your Instance: Select your running instance from the list.
  3. Connect to Your Instance: Click on “Connect” and follow the instructions to connect using SSH or other remote access methods.

Step 5: Configure and Deploy Your Website

Now that you are connected to your EC2 instance, you can configure and deploy your website or web application. Here are some common tasks you may need to perform:

Install Web Server Software

If your chosen AMI doesn’t come with a pre-installed web server, you will need to install it manually. For example, if you are using an Ubuntu-based AMI, you can install Apache by running the following command:

$ sudo apt-get update
$ sudo apt-get install apache2

Upload Your Website Files

To deploy your website or web application, upload your files to the appropriate directory. For Apache, the default web root directory is usually /var/www/html/. You can use tools like FTP or SCP to transfer your files to the EC2 instance.

Configure DNS and Domain

To make your website accessible via your registered domain name, you need to configure DNS settings. This typically involves creating a DNS record (e.g., an A record) that points your domain name to the Elastic IP address associated with your EC2 instance. The exact steps may vary depending on your domain registrar or DNS provider.

Conclusion

By following these steps, you should now have a fully functional web server running on AWS EC2. Remember to regularly update and maintain your server to ensure security and optimal performance.

Happy hosting!

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