How Do I Monitor Apache Web Server Load and Page Statistics?


Angela Bailey

How Do I Monitor Apache Web Server Load and Page Statistics?

If you’re managing a website or web application running on an Apache web server, it’s important to monitor its performance to ensure optimal user experience. Monitoring the server load and page statistics can help you identify potential bottlenecks, troubleshoot issues, and make necessary optimizations. In this tutorial, we’ll explore various methods to monitor your Apache web server effectively.

1. Apache Server Status

The Apache Server Status module provides a detailed overview of the current server activity and performance metrics. To enable this feature, you need to enable the ‘mod_status’ module in your Apache configuration file.

To enable ‘mod_status’, open your terminal or SSH into your server and run the following command:

sudo a2enmod status

Next, edit the Apache configuration file using your preferred text editor:

sudo nano /etc/apache2/mods-enabled/status.conf

In the <Location /server-status> section, add or modify the following lines:

Require ip your_ip_address
Require local

Replace your_ip_address with the IP address from which you want to access the server status page. Save the changes and exit the editor.

To access the server status page, restart Apache by running:

sudo systemctl restart apache2

You can now view the server status page by visiting http://your_server_ip/server-status in your web browser.

Server Status Metrics

  • Total Accesses: The total number of requests since the server started.
  • Total kBytes: The total amount of data transferred in kilobytes.
  • CPULoad: The CPU usage in percentage.
  • Uptime: The total time the server has been running.
  • ReqPerSec: The average number of requests per second.

2. Apache Log Files

The Apache web server logs valuable information about every request it handles. Analyzing these log files can provide insights into page statistics, errors, and performance issues. The two primary log files are ‘access.log’ and ‘error.log’.

To access the ‘access.log’ file, use the following command:

sudo tail -f /var/log/apache2/access.log

This command allows you to continuously monitor the latest entries in real-time. Press Ctrl+C to stop monitoring.

To access the ‘error.log’ file, use this command:

sudo tail -f /var/log/apache2/error.log

The ‘error.log’ file contains information about any errors or warnings encountered by Apache.

Analyze Log Files with AWStats

If you prefer a more structured analysis of your log files, you can use a tool like AWStats. To install AWStats on your server, run:

sudo apt-get install awstats

Edit the AWStats configuration file using your text editor:

sudo nano /etc/awstats/awstats.conf

Find and modify the following lines:


Replace your_domain_name with your actual domain name.

To generate the initial statistics, run:

sudo /usr/lib/cgi-bin/ -config=your_domain_name -update

You can now access the AWStats report by visiting http://your_server_ip/cgi-bin/

3. Monitoring Tools and Services

In addition to Apache-specific methods, there are various third-party monitoring tools and services available that can provide advanced server load and page statistics. Some popular options include:

  • New Relic: A comprehensive monitoring platform with real-time insights.
  • DataDog: A cloud-based monitoring service with customizable dashboards.
  • Prometheus: An open-source monitoring toolkit with powerful alerting capabilities.
  • Grafana: A visualization and analytics platform that integrates well with Prometheus.

Selecting the right tool depends on your specific requirements, budget, and technical expertise. Make sure to evaluate different options before choosing one for your Apache web server.

In conclusion, monitoring your Apache web server’s load and page statistics is crucial for maintaining optimal performance. By utilizing built-in features like Apache Server Status, analyzing log files, or using third-party tools/services, you can ensure that your server is running smoothly and efficiently.

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