How Do I Find Data Type in Access?


Scott Campbell

How Do I Find Data Type in Access?

When working with databases in Microsoft Access, it is essential to know the data types of the fields or columns in your tables. Understanding the data types is crucial for designing efficient queries, creating appropriate relationships between tables, and ensuring data integrity. In this article, we will explore different ways to find the data type of a field in Access.

Using Design View

The easiest way to find the data type of a field in Access is by using the Design View of a table. Here’s how:

  1. Open your database and navigate to the table containing the field you want to examine.
  2. Right-click on the table name and select “Design View” from the context menu.
  3. In Design View, you will see a grid with all the fields of your table listed.
  4. The data type of each field is displayed in the “Data Type” column.

You can also modify the data type of a field directly from this view if needed. Remember to save your changes before closing Design View.

Using Field Properties

An alternative way to find the data type of a field is by accessing its properties.

  • Right-click on the table name and select “Design View” from the context menu (if not already in Design View).
  • Select the desired field by clicking on its row in the table grid.
  • In the bottom section of Design View, you will see various properties for that field.
  • The “Data Type” property will indicate the current data type of the field.
  • By navigating through the field properties, you can also modify other characteristics such as field size, format, and input mask.

    Using SQL Queries

    If you prefer working with SQL queries, you can use the “DESC” statement to retrieve the data type of a field. Here’s an example:

    DESC table_name;

    Replace table_name with the actual name of your table. When you execute this query, it will return a result set containing detailed information about each field in the specified table, including its data type.


    The above methods apply to finding the data type of fields in tables. However, it is worth mentioning that Access also allows calculated fields and expressions in queries. In such cases, the data type may not be explicitly defined but rather inferred from the calculation or expression used.

    In conclusion, understanding and being able to find the data types of fields in Microsoft Access is essential for effective database management. Whether using Design View, exploring field properties, or executing SQL queries, Access provides several options to easily determine the data type for each field.

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