How Do I Connect to a Python Web Server?


Larry Thompson

In this tutorial, we will learn how to connect to a Python web server. Connecting to a web server is an essential step in building web applications and accessing data from external sources. Whether you are working with a local development server or a remote server, the process of connecting remains the same.


Before we begin, make sure you have Python installed on your machine. You can download and install Python from the official website Additionally, basic knowledge of Python programming and web concepts will be beneficial.

Step 1: Import the necessary libraries

To connect to a web server in Python, we need to import the built-in http.client module. This module provides classes and functions for working with HTTP protocol.

import http.client

Step 2: Establish a connection

To establish a connection with the web server, we need to create an instance of the HTTPConnection class from the http. The constructor of this class takes two arguments: the hostname of the server and the port number.

conn = http.client.HTTPConnection("", 80)

Note: Replace “” with the actual hostname or IP address of your server. Also, modify the port number if necessary.

Step 3: Send an HTTP request

To send an HTTP request to the server, we use the request() method of the connection object. This method requires two arguments: the HTTP method (such as GET, POST, PUT, DELETE) and the path of the resource on the server.

conn.request("GET", "/index.html")

Note: Replace “/index.html” with the actual path of the resource you want to access on the server.

Step 4: Get the response

After sending the request, we need to get and handle the response from the server. We can do this by calling the getresponse() method of the connection object. This method returns an HTTPResponse object.

response = conn.getresponse()

Step 5: Process the response

The HTTPResponse object provides several methods to access and process the response data. For example, we can use read(), readline(), or readlines() methods to read the response content.

content =

Step 6: Close the connection

To free up system resources, it’s important to close the connection once we are done with it. We can do this by calling the close() method of the connection object.close()


The following example demonstrates a complete code snippet for connecting to a Python web server:

import http.client

conn =", 80)
response = conn.getresponse()
content =

By following these steps, you can connect to a Python web server and retrieve the desired data or perform other operations. Remember to handle any errors that may occur during the connection process.


In this tutorial, we have learned how to connect to a Python web server using the built-in http. By establishing a connection, sending an HTTP request, and processing the response, we can interact with web servers and access their resources. This knowledge will be beneficial in building web applications and working with external APIs.

Happy coding!