How Do I Connect My SQL Server to a Web App?


Heather Bennett

How Do I Connect My SQL Server to a Web App?

Connecting your SQL Server to a web app is an essential step when it comes to building dynamic and data-driven websites. By establishing this connection, you can easily retrieve and manipulate data from your database, making your web app more powerful and interactive. In this tutorial, we will guide you through the process of connecting your SQL Server to a web app using HTML.

Step 1: Setting Up the Database

To begin, you need to have a SQL Server database up and running. If you don’t have one already, you can create a new database or use an existing one. Make sure you have the necessary credentials (hostname, username, password) to access your database.

Step 1.1: Creating the Database

If you need to create a new database, you can do so using SQL Server Management Studio or any other suitable tool. Open the tool and connect to your SQL Server instance.

Note: If you’re not familiar with creating databases in SQL Server, you can refer to the official documentation or seek help from a database administrator.2: Creating Tables

Once you have your database ready, it’s time to create tables that will store your data. Use SQL statements like CREATE TABLE along with appropriate column definitions for each table.

        CREATE TABLE Customers (
            ID INT PRIMARY KEY,
            Name VARCHAR(50),
            Email VARCHAR(100)

Step 2: Building the Web App

Now that our database is set up, we can move on to building the web app. For this tutorial, we will use HTML as the front-end language.

Step 2.1: HTML Form

Start by creating an HTML form that will allow users to enter data and submit it to the database. Use the <form> element along with appropriate input fields for each column in your table.

        <form action="submit.php" method="POST">
            <label for="name">Name:</label>
            <input type="text" id="name" name="name"><br>
            <label for="email">Email:</label>
            <input type="email" id="email" name="email"><br>
            <input type="submit" value="Submit">

Note: Make sure to replace “submit.php” with the appropriate file name and path where you will handle the form submission and database connection.2: Connecting to the Database

To establish a connection between your web app and SQL Server, you need to use a server-side language like PHP or ASP.NET. In this tutorial, we will focus on PHP.

Create a new PHP file (e.g., “submit.php”) and add code to establish a database connection using the provided credentials.

            $servername = "your_servername";
            $username = "your_username";
            $password = "your_password";
            $database = "your_database";
            // Create connection
            $conn = new mysqli($servername, $username, $password, $database);
            // Check connection
            if ($conn->connect_error) {
                die("Connection failed: " . $conn->connect_error);
            echo "Connected successfully";

Note: Replace the placeholders (“your_servername”, “your_username”, etc.) with your actual database credentials.

Step 3: Inserting Data into the Database

Now that we have a working connection, we can insert the submitted data into our SQL Server database.

Step 3.1: Handling Form Submission

In your PHP file (e.php”), add code to handle the form submission and insert data into the database.

            // Check if form is submitted
            if ($_SERVER["REQUEST_METHOD"] == "POST") {
                // Retrieve data from form fields
                $name = $_POST["name"];
                $email = $_POST["email"];
                // Prepare SQL statement
                $sql = "INSERT INTO Customers (Name, Email) VALUES ('$name', '$email')";
                // Execute SQL statement
                if ($conn->query($sql) === TRUE) {
                    echo "Data inserted successfully";
                } else {
                    echo "Error: " . $sql . 

"<br>" . $conn->error;
                // Close connection

Step 3.2: Testing the Web App

Finally, you can test your web app by filling out the form and submitting it. If everything is set up correctly, you should see a success message indicating that the data has been inserted into the database.

Congratulations! You have successfully connected your SQL Server to a web app using HTML. Now you can expand upon this foundation and build more advanced functionality to interact with your database.

Remember: Always ensure proper security measures when handling user input and connecting to databases. Sanitize and validate user data to prevent SQL injection attacks.


In this tutorial, we explored the process of connecting a SQL Server database to a web app using HTML. We covered setting up the database, building the web app with an HTML form, establishing a database connection with PHP, and inserting data into the database. By following these steps, you can create powerful and interactive web apps that leverage the capabilities of SQL Server.

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