Accessing Azure Web Server is a fundamental step in managing your web applications. Whether you are a developer, system administrator, or an individual looking to host your website on Azure, understanding how to access the web server is essential. In this tutorial, we will explore different methods to access the Azure Web Server and perform necessary operations.
Accessing Azure Web Server using SSH
Secure Shell (SSH) is a popular protocol used for secure remote communication with servers. To access Azure Web Server using SSH:
- Generate SSH Key Pair: If you don’t have an SSH key pair, create one using the following command:
- Create a Virtual Machine: In the Azure portal, create a virtual machine and make sure to select the appropriate operating system.
- Add Public Key to VM: Once the virtual machine is created, navigate to its settings and add your public key to the authorized keys file. This can usually be done through the portal’s interface or by connecting via SSH and editing the file manually.
- Connect via SSH: Open your preferred terminal application and run the following command:
$ ssh-keygen -t rsa -b 4096 -C "firstname.lastname@example.org"
$ ssh username@public_ip_address
Accessing Azure Web Server using FTP/SFTP
If you prefer using File Transfer Protocol (FTP) or Secure FTP (SFTP) for accessing your web server on Azure, follow these steps:
- Create FTP/SFTP User: In the Azure portal, navigate to the virtual machine settings and create an FTP/SFTP user with the required permissions.
- Install FTP/SFTP Client: Install an FTP/SFTP client like FileZilla or WinSCP on your local machine.
- Connect via FTP/SFTP: Open your FTP/SFTP client and enter the server’s hostname, username, password, and port number (usually 21 for FTP and 22 for SFTP). Click “Connect” to establish a connection.
Accessing Azure Web Server using Azure Cloud Shell
Azure Cloud Shell is a browser-based command-line interface provided by Azure. It allows you to manage your Azure resources directly from your browser. To access Azure Web Server using Azure Cloud Shell:
- Open Azure Portal: Navigate to the Azure portal in your preferred web browser.
- Launch Cloud Shell: Click on the “Cloud Shell” icon in the top navigation bar of the portal. This will open a command-line interface directly in your browser.
- Select Subscription: If prompted, select the desired subscription for managing your resources.
- Select Environment Type: Choose either Bash or PowerShell as your preferred environment type.
- Access Web Server: Use appropriate commands (e.g., SSH or FTP) within the Cloud Shell to access and manage your web server on Azure.
In this tutorial, we explored various methods to access an Azure Web Server. We covered accessing it via SSH, FTP/SFTP, and using Azure Cloud Shell.
Choose the method that suits your requirements and preferences. Remember to secure your connections and follow best practices for managing your web applications on Azure.