Does TypeScript Have a Stack Data Structure?


Heather Bennett

When it comes to understanding the data structures in programming languages, one common question that often arises is whether TypeScript, a superset of JavaScript, has a built-in stack data structure. In this article, we will explore this topic and shed light on how TypeScript handles stacks.

Understanding Stacks

Before diving into TypeScript’s capabilities, let’s have a brief overview of what a stack is. In computer science, a stack is an abstract data type that follows the LIFO (Last-In-First-Out) principle. It means that the last element added to the stack will be the first one to be removed.

A real-life example of a stack can be imagined as a pile of books placed on top of each other. The book that is placed last will be the first to be picked up. This behavior can also be observed when function calls are executed and return values are stored.

TypeScript and Stacks

Unlike some programming languages like C++ or Java, TypeScript does not have a built-in implementation for stacks in its standard library. However, this does not mean that we cannot create our own stack data structure in TypeScript.

To implement a stack in TypeScript, we can leverage arrays as they provide most of the necessary functionality. We can use the push() method to add elements to the top of the stack and pop() method to remove elements from it. Additionally, we can use length property to keep track of the number of elements in the stack.


class Stack {
  private items: any[];

  constructor() {
    this.items = [];

  push(element: any) {

  pop() {
    if (this.isEmpty()) {
      return "Underflow";
    return this.pop();

  isEmpty() {
    return this.length === 0;

  getTop() {
    if (this.isEmpty()) {
      return "Stack is empty";
    return this.items[this.length - 1];

  printStack() {
    let stackString = "";
    for (let i = 0; i < this.length; i++) {
      stackString += this.items[i] + " ";

// Usage
const myStack = new Stack();
myStack.printStack(); // Output: 5 10 15
console.log(myStack.pop()); // Output: 15
console.getTop()); // Output: 10

In the code snippet above, we define a Stack class that uses an array to store the stack elements. The class provides methods like push(), pop(), isEmpty(), getTop(), and printStack(). These methods allow us to manipulate and interact with the stack.

In Conclusion

Although TypeScript does not have a built-in stack data structure, we can easily create our own implementation using arrays and defining appropriate methods. By understanding the concept of stacks and leveraging TypeScript's powerful features, we can effectively utilize stacks in our programs.

To summarize:

  • A stack is an abstract data type that follows the LIFO principle.
  • TypeScript does not have a built-in stack implementation.
  • We can create our own stack data structure by using arrays and defining the necessary methods.

By following these guidelines, you can incorporate stacks into your TypeScript projects and take advantage of their versatile functionality.

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