Does a Web Server Store Files?


Heather Bennett

When it comes to hosting a website, one of the key components is a web server. But have you ever wondered what exactly a web server does?

Does it store files? In this article, we’ll dive deep into the world of web servers and explore their role in file storage.

Understanding Web Servers

Before we delve into the question at hand, let’s first understand what a web server is. In simple terms, a web server is a computer or software that serves requests from clients (typically web browsers) and delivers the requested content over the internet. It plays a vital role in hosting websites and making them accessible to users worldwide.

File Storage on Web Servers

Now, let’s address the main question – does a web server store files?

The answer is yes.

A web server not only processes incoming requests but also stores various types of files that make up a website. These files can include HTML documents, CSS stylesheets, JavaScript files, images, videos, and much more. When someone visits a website hosted on a particular server, the server retrieves these files and sends them to the user’s browser for display.

Types of Files Stored on Web Servers

HTML Documents:

  • HTML stands for Hypertext Markup Language and serves as the backbone of any webpage.
  • Web servers store HTML documents that contain the structure and content of a webpage.

CSS Stylesheets:

  • CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) determines how HTML elements are displayed on a webpage.
  • A web server stores CSS stylesheets to define colors, fonts, layouts, and other visual aspects of a website.

JavaScript Files:

  • JavaScript is a powerful scripting language that enables interactivity and dynamic content on webpages.
  • Web servers store JavaScript files, which are executed by the user’s browser to add functionality to a website.

Images and Videos:

  • Web servers also store image files (such as JPEG, PNG, GIF) and video files (such as MP4, AVI).
  • These files are retrieved by the browser and displayed to the user as part of the webpage.

The File System Structure on Web Servers

A web server typically has a file system structure to organize and manage the stored files efficiently. This structure can vary depending on the server’s operating system and configuration. However, in general, web servers follow a hierarchical directory structure.

Here is an example:

- /
  - index.html
  - styles/
    - main.css
    - responsive.css
  - scripts/
    - script.js
  - images/
    - logo.png
    - banner.jpg
  - videos/
    - intro.mp4

In this example, the root directory (“/”) contains various subdirectories such as “styles,” “scripts,” “images,” and “videos.” Each subdirectory stores specific types of files related to styling, scripting, images, or videos.

Accessing Stored Files on Web Servers

To access the stored files on a web server, you typically need to know their file paths. A file path is the address or location of a specific file within the server’s file system.

For example:

The file path for the “index.html” file in the above directory structure would be “/index.html”. Similarly, the file path for “main.css” would be “/styles/main.css”.


In conclusion, web servers do store files. They play a crucial role in hosting websites and delivering content to users’ browsers.

These files can include HTML documents, CSS stylesheets, JavaScript files, images, videos, and more. Understanding how web servers store and organize files is essential for anyone involved in website development or hosting.

So next time you visit a website, remember that behind the scenes, a web server is working diligently to retrieve and deliver those files to your browser.

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