Can You Make a Web Server With Java?


Scott Campbell

In today’s digital age, creating a web server has become an essential skill for developers. While there are numerous programming languages that can be used to build a web server, Java is a popular choice due to its robustness and versatility. In this tutorial, we will explore whether it is possible to make a web server with Java and how to go about doing it.

What is a Web Server

Before we dive into the world of Java web servers, let’s first understand what a web server is. In simple terms, a web server is a software application that facilitates the hosting of websites and serves content to clients upon request. It listens for incoming HTTP requests from clients (such as web browsers) and responds with the appropriate HTML, CSS, JavaScript, or other resources.

Using Java for Web Servers

Java is renowned for its ability to create scalable and high-performance applications. It provides powerful libraries and frameworks that can be leveraged to build robust web servers. One of the key advantages of using Java for web servers is its platform independence, meaning that the code written in Java can run on any operating system with Java Virtual Machine (JVM) support.

Building a Web Server with Java

To create a basic web server with Java, you can leverage the built-in capabilities offered by the core libraries or use popular frameworks such as Apache Tomcat or Jetty. These frameworks provide abstractions and tools that simplify the process of building and deploying web applications.

Built-in Capabilities:

The package in the standard library offers classes like ServerSocket and Socket that enable you to create socket-based communication between clients and servers. By utilizing these classes along with multithreading concepts in Java, you can build a simple HTTP server capable of handling incoming requests.

Apache Tomcat:

Apache Tomcat is a widely used open-source web server and servlet container that provides a robust environment for running Java web applications. It implements the Java Servlet, JavaServer Pages (JSP), and WebSocket specifications, making it an excellent choice for building enterprise-level web servers.


Jetty is another popular open-source Java-based web server and servlet container. It is known for its lightweight nature and high performance. Jetty can be embedded within your application or run as a standalone server, making it suitable for both small-scale and large-scale deployments.

The Benefits of Using Java for Web Servers

Making a web server with Java offers several advantages:

  • Scalability: Java’s multithreading capabilities allow you to handle multiple requests simultaneously, making your web server highly scalable.
  • Security: Java’s strong security features help protect your application against vulnerabilities and attacks.
  • Community Support: With its vast community, Java has extensive documentation, tutorials, and resources available to aid in the development process.
  • Cross-Platform Compatibility: Thanks to JVM, Java web servers can run on various operating systems without any modifications.

In Conclusion

In this tutorial, we explored the possibility of creating a web server with Java. We learned that not only is it possible to build a web server using Java but also that it offers numerous benefits such as scalability, security, community support, and cross-platform compatibility. Whether you choose to utilize built-in libraries or leverage frameworks like Apache Tomcat or Jetty, the world of web servers with Java is at your fingertips.

To sum up, if you are looking to create powerful and scalable web servers, Java is undoubtedly a language worth considering.

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