Can You Do Object Oriented Programming in JavaScript?


Scott Campbell

Object Oriented Programming (OOP) is a popular programming paradigm that allows developers to create organized and reusable code. While JavaScript is primarily known as a scripting language, it does support object-oriented programming concepts. In this article, we will explore the capabilities of JavaScript for OOP and discuss how to use it effectively.

Understanding Object-Oriented Programming

Before diving into JavaScript’s implementation of OOP, let’s briefly understand the core principles of this programming paradigm. OOP revolves around the concept of objects, which are instances of classes.

Classes serve as blueprints or templates for creating objects. They define the properties (attributes) and behaviors (methods) that objects of that class can have. In simpler terms, classes define the structure and behavior of objects.

Inheritance is another key concept in OOP. It allows classes to inherit properties and methods from other classes, enabling code reuse and promoting a hierarchical structure.

Encapsulation is the practice of bundling data and methods together within a class to restrict access from outside. This ensures that data integrity is maintained and prevents unintended modifications.

Polymorphism, the fourth principle, allows objects to take on multiple forms or have multiple behaviors based on their context or the context in which they are used.

OOP in JavaScript

In JavaScript, objects can be created using either object literals or constructor functions. Object literals provide a simple way to create single instances of an object, while constructor functions allow us to define reusable blueprints for creating multiple similar objects.

Object Literals

const person = {
name: "John Doe",
age: 25,
greetings: function() {
return "Hello, my name is " +;

The code snippet above demonstrates the creation of an object literal called person. It has properties like name and age, as well as a method called greetings. The this keyword refers to the current object, allowing us to access its properties and methods within the object.

Constructor Functions

function Person(name, age) { = name;
this.age = age;
this.greetings = function() {
return "Hello, my name is " +;

const person1 = new Person("John Doe", 25);
const person2 = new Person("Jane Smith", 30);

In the example above, we define a constructor function called Person. This function is used to create new objects with the specified properties and methods. The new keyword is used to instantiate new instances of the object.

Inheritance in JavaScript

In JavaScript, inheritance can be achieved through prototypes. Every JavaScript object has a prototype property that allows objects to inherit properties and methods from other objects. This prototype-based approach allows for flexible and dynamic code.

function Animal(name) { = name;
} = function() {
console.log( + ' is eating.');

function Dog(name) {, name);

Dog.prototype = Object.create(Animal.prototype);

const dog = new Dog('Max');; // Output: Max is eating.

In the code snippet above, we define two constructor functions: Animal and Dog. The Animal function sets the name property, and the Dog function calls the Animal function using the call() method to inherit its properties. We then use Object.create() to set up the prototype chain between the Dog and Animal objects.

The Power of OOP in JavaScript

OOP in JavaScript provides numerous benefits, including code reusability, modularity, and improved organization. By creating objects with clearly defined properties and methods, we can write cleaner and more maintainable code.

The versatility of JavaScript’s OOP implementation allows developers to create scalable applications while leveraging familiar OOP concepts. Whether you are building a small script or a large-scale application, understanding OOP in JavaScript will undoubtedly improve your coding skills.

In conclusion,

  • OOP is an important programming paradigm that allows for organized and reusable code.
  • JavaScript supports OOP through object literals and constructor functions.
  • Inheritance in JavaScript is achieved using prototypes.
  • OOP in JavaScript promotes code reusability, modularity, and improved organization.

Note: While JavaScript supports OOP concepts, it is also a versatile language that allows for various programming paradigms. It is essential to choose the right approach based on your project requirements and coding style preferences.

I hope this article has shed some light on object-oriented programming in JavaScript. Happy coding!

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