Can ESP32 Act as a Web Server?


Scott Campbell

Can ESP32 Act as a Web Server?

The ESP32 is a powerful microcontroller that has gained popularity for its versatility and connectivity options. One of the most interesting capabilities of the ESP32 is its ability to act as a web server.

This means that you can use the ESP32 to host a website or create a web-based interface for controlling connected devices. In this article, we will explore how to set up the ESP32 as a web server and discuss its potential applications.

Setting Up the ESP32 as a Web Server

To begin with, you will need an ESP32 development board and the Arduino IDE installed on your computer. Follow these steps to set up the ESP32 as a web server:

  1. Install the ESP32 Board in Arduino IDE: Open the Arduino IDE and go to “File” > “Preferences”. In the “Additional Boards Manager URLs” field, add this URL: Then, go to “Tools” > “Board” > “Boards Manager”, search for “esp32”, and install the board.
  2. Create a New Sketch: Click on “File” > “New” to create a new sketch.
  3. Select the Board and Port: Go to “Tools” > “Board” and select your ESP32 board from the list.

    Then, choose the correct port under “Tools” > “Port”.

  4. Include Required Libraries: To make our lives easier, we’ll use existing libraries. Include these libraries by going to “Sketch” > “Include Library”:
    – WiFi: This library provides functions to connect and disconnect from a Wi-Fi network.
    – ESPAsyncWebServer: This library allows us to easily create a web server on the ESP32.
  5. Set Up Wi-Fi: Before setting up the web server, we need to connect the ESP32 to a Wi-Fi network. Add the following code snippet to your sketch:
const char* ssid = "YourNetworkName";
const char* password = "YourNetworkPassword";

void setup() {
  WiFi.begin(ssid, password);
  while (WiFi.status() != WL_CONNECTED) {
    Serial.println("Connecting to WiFi..");
  Serial.println("Connected to WiFi");

Creating Routes and Handling Requests

Now that we have set up Wi-Fi connectivity, let’s move on to creating routes and handling incoming requests. In this example, we will create a simple web server that responds with “Hello World!”

when accessed.

Add the following code snippet after the previous code:

#include <ESPAsyncWebServer.h>

AsyncWebServer server(80);

void setup() {
  // .

  server.on("/", HTTP_GET, [](AsyncWebServerRequest *request){
    request->send(200, "text/plain", "Hello World!");

  // .

void loop() {

Make sure you include the #include <ESPAsyncWebServer.h> line at the beginning of your sketch. The server.on() function sets up a route for the root URL (“/”) with an HTTP GET method.

When this route is accessed, the server responds with a plain text message saying “Hello World!”.

Accessing the Web Server

To access the web server running on the ESP32, you need to know its IP address. Add the following code snippet after the previous code:

void setup() {
  // .

  Serial.print("Web server IP address: ");

  // .

After uploading the sketch to your ESP32, open the Serial Monitor in the Arduino IDE. The IP address of your web server will be displayed.

Type this IP address into a web browser on any device connected to the same Wi-Fi network, and you should see the “Hello World!” message.

Potential Applications

The ability of ESP32 to act as a web server opens up a wide range of possibilities for IoT projects. Here are a few potential applications:

  • Remote control and monitoring of home automation systems.
  • Creating a web-based dashboard for visualizing sensor data.
  • Controlling and configuring IoT devices over Wi-Fi.
  • Building a smart home security system with remote access.

With its powerful processing capabilities and built-in Wi-Fi connectivity, the ESP32 is an excellent choice for creating web-enabled projects. By leveraging its web server functionality, you can easily create interactive interfaces and control your connected devices from anywhere in the world.

In conclusion, yes, the ESP32 can act as a web server! With just a few lines of code and some basic setup steps, you can get started with hosting your own website or controlling devices through a web-based interface using the ESP32.

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