Are Scripting Language Statically Typed?


Larry Thompson

In the world of programming, there are two main types of programming languages: statically typed and dynamically typed. Statically typed languages require variables to be declared with their data types before they can be used, while dynamically typed languages do not have this requirement. When it comes to scripting languages, the question arises – are scripting languages statically typed?

Statically Typed Languages

Statically typed languages such as C++, Java, and C# require explicit declaration of variable types. This means that when you create a variable, you must specify its data type (e.g., int, float, string) beforehand.


int age = 25;
float temperature = 98.6;
string name = "John";

This explicit type declaration provides several benefits.

Firstly, it allows for better error checking at compile-time. The compiler can catch type-related errors before the program is executed. Secondly, it enables better code documentation and enhances code readability since the data types are explicitly stated.

Scripting Languages

On the other hand, scripting languages like JavaScript and Python are often considered dynamically typed languages. This means that variables in these languages do not have explicit type declarations.

Example (JavaScript):

let age = 25;
let temperature = 98.6;
let name = "John";

In this example, we can see that there is no need to specify the type of each variable explicitly.

Type Inference in Scripting Languages

Although scripting languages are generally dynamically typed, they often employ a concept called type inference. Type inference allows the interpreter or compiler to determine the type of a variable based on its assigned value.

For example, in JavaScript, the initial assignment of a numerical value to a variable will result in that variable being inferred as a number. Similarly, assigning a string value will infer the variable as a string.

Example (JavaScript):

let age = 25; // age is inferred as a number
let name = "John"; // name is inferred as a string

The Flexibility of Scripting Languages

One advantage of dynamically typed scripting languages is their flexibility. Variables can change their types during runtime, allowing for easier and more dynamic programming.

However, this flexibility can also lead to potential issues. Since there are no strict type checks at compile-time, errors related to incompatible types may only surface during program execution.


In conclusion, scripting languages like JavaScript and Python are generally considered dynamically typed. While they do not require explicit type declarations for variables, they often employ type inference to determine the type based on assigned values.

This flexibility allows for more dynamic programming but also introduces the possibility of type-related errors. Understanding these language characteristics is essential for effective programming in scripting languages.

I hope this article has clarified whether scripting languages are statically typed or not. Remember to consider the advantages and disadvantages of dynamic typing when choosing a scripting language for your next project!

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