Are Examples of Stack Data Structure?


Heather Bennett

Are Examples of Stack Data Structure?

A stack is a fundamental data structure in computer science that follows the Last-In-First-Out (LIFO) principle. It is commonly used for tasks such as managing function calls, undoing actions, and parsing expressions. In this article, we will explore some examples of stack data structures and understand how they work.

1. Call Stack

The call stack is an excellent example of a stack data structure.

It keeps track of function calls in a program. When a function is called, its information is pushed onto the stack, and when it returns, it gets popped from the stack. This allows the program to keep track of which function needs to be executed next.


function foo() {

  • console.log("Hello");
  • bar();
  • console.log("World");
  • }

function bar() {

  • console.log("Stack");
  • }

In this example, when the function foo() is called, it pushes its information onto the call stack. Next, it calls the function bar(), which also gets pushed onto the stack.

After executing all the statements in bar(), it gets popped from the stack, and control returns to foo(). Finally, when all statements in foo() are executed, it gets popped from the stack as well.

2. Undo/Redo Operations

Stacks are frequently used to implement undo and redo functionality in applications.

Each action performed by the user is recorded as a command and pushed onto the stack. When the user wants to undo an action, the most recent command is popped from the stack and reversed. The opposite happens when redoing an action.


A text editor that supports undo/redo operations:

  • Type: HTML Tutorial
  • Type: CSS Tutorial
  • Type: JavaScript Tutorial
  • Undo (pop): Revert back to “CSS Tutorial
  • Redo (push): Reapply “CSS Tutorial

In this example, each typed tutorial is added to the stack of commands. When an undo operation is performed, the last typed tutorial (“CSS Tutorial“) is popped from the stack, reverting back to the previous state. Conversely, redoing an action pushes the last undone command (“CSS Tutorial“) back onto the stack.

3. Browser History

The browser history is another common example of a stack data structure.

It keeps track of visited web pages in a chronological order. Each time you visit a new page, it gets added to the top of the stack. Pressing the back button pops a page from the stack, allowing you to navigate through your browsing history.


Your browser history:

In this example, each visited web page is pushed onto the stack. Pressing the back button pops the top page from the stack, allowing you to navigate back to the previously visited page (“Example Blog“). This behavior mimics the stack data structure’s LIFO principle.

In conclusion, stacks are versatile and widely used data structures. They can be implemented in various scenarios such as function calls, undo/redo operations, and browser history management. Understanding the concept of stacks and their applications can greatly benefit your problem-solving abilities as a programmer.

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